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Table 3 Pain prevalence and ‘red diagnoses’ – descriptive statistics and group differences

From: Pain treatment for nursing home residents differs according to cognitive state – a cross-sectional study

Pain prevalence and ‘Red Diagnoses’
  Descriptive statistics Group differences
Groups All CUSa CI-Vb CI-NVc CUS vs. CI-V CUS vs. CI-NV CI-V vs. CI-NV
  % % % % Diff % (±FR) Diff % (±FR) Diff % (±FR)
Pain prevalence 72.6 66.4 81.0 80.3 14.6 (±9.2) ** 13.9 (±11.3) * −0.7 (±12.0) n.s.
At least 1 ‘Red Diagnosis’ 52.9 58.7 43.5 48.5 −15.2 (±9.2) ** −10.2 (±13.6) n.s. 5.0 (±5.0) n.s.
  1. **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05, n.s. not significant, Diff Group difference, FR Fluctuation range of 95 % confidence interval
  2. a cognitively unimpaired/slightly impaired, b cognitively moderately to severely impaired, verbally communicating, c cognitively moderately to severely impaired, not verbally communicating