Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of participants - descriptive statistics

From: Pain treatment for nursing home residents differs according to cognitive state – a cross-sectional study

Characteristics of participants
Groups All CUSb CI-Vc CI-NVd
Sample size (n (%)) 425 (100 %) 243 (57.2 %) 116 (27.3 %) 66 (15.5 %)
Sex female (n (%)) 315 (74.1 %) 172 (70.8 %) 88 (75.9 %) 55 (83.3 %)
Age (Mean ± SD) 83.6 ± 8.8 82.5 ± 9.4 84.4 ± 7.8 86.1 ± 7.5*
Level of care (Median of range 1–7) 5 4* 5 5
Length of stay in months (Mean ± SD) 29.7 ± 23.9 27.8 ± 20.8 31.2 ± 27.8 34.5 ± 26.3
Number of diseases (Mean ± SD) 7,4 ± 4.3 8,0 ± 4.7* 6.8 ± 4.0 6.5 ± 3.2
Disease categories (n (%))     
 Cardiology 305 (73.3 %) 179 (76.2 %) 83 (72.2 %) 43 (65.2 %)
 Neurology 295 (70.9 %) 145 (61.7 %)* 91 (79.1 %) 59 (89.4 %)
 Endocrinology 228 (54.8 %) 133 (56.6 %) 64 (55.7 %) 31 (47.0 %)
 Orthopedics 204 (49.0 %) 128 (54.5 %)* 46 (40.0 %) 30 (45.5 %)
Subgroups of ‘Red Diagnoses’ (n(%)a)     
 Injuries and trauma sequelae 108 (49.1 %) 67 (48.6 %) 27 (54.0 %) 14 (43.8 %)
 Arthrosis 74 (33.6 %) 50 (36.2 %) 13 (26.0 %) 11 (34.4 %)
 Disorders of spine and extremities 67 (30.5 %) 49 (35.5 %) 11 (22.0 %) 7 (21.9 %)
 Neuropathic 22 (10.0 %) 15 (10.9 %) 4 (8.0 %) 3 (9.4 %)
Number of prescriptions scheduled permanently (PP) (Mean ± SD) 9.0 ± 3.9 9.7 ± 3.9 8.8 ± 3.9 6.8 ± 3.2*
  1. aPercentages are based on residents with at least one ‘Red Diagnosis’; significant test results are marked with * (p < 0.05)
  2. b cognitively unimpaired/slightly impaired, c cognitively moderately to severely impaired, verbally communicating, d cognitively moderately to severely impaired, not verbally communicating