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Table 3 Complications after femoral neck fracture occurring between discharge and until three year follow-up, differences between deceased and survivors

From: Co-morbidities, complications and causes of death among people with femoral neck fracture – a three-year follow-up study

Complications Between discharge and 4 months (n = 176) Between 4 and 12 months (n = 172) Between 12 and 36 months (n = 149)
Pneumonia/chest infection 5 8* 21*
Urinary tract infection 51* 59 78
Other infection 34 41 56
Wound infection 3 0 0
Deep wound infection 2 0 2
Cardiac failure 18* 17* 30*
Myocardial infarction 5 6* 12*
Deep vein thrombosis 1 0 1
Pulmonary embolism 1 1 2
Stroke 2 8 10
Cancer 0 4 4
Gastric ulcer 2 2 7
Fallers 53 61 66
Number of falls 126 130 208
Number of fractures 6 17 29
Luxation 3 2 4
Reoperation 3 2 7
Decubital ulcers 9 10 11
Number of participants hospitalized 25* 48* 64
Number of hospitalizations 29* 66* 139*
Number of days in hospital 413* 1134* 2437*
Median days in hospital, IQR 9.0 (5.0–18.0) 15.0 (4.0–31.2) 23.5 (9.2–48.8)
  1. * = p < 0,05 according to Pearson’s chi-square, Fisher’s exact test or Mann–Whitney U test as appropriate, when comparing deceased and survivors
  2. IQR Inter Quartile Rate