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Table 3 Prevalence of prescriptions of potentially inappropriate medications for specific diagnoses or conditions for elderly patients (N = 523,811)a

From: Prescription of potentially inappropriate medication in Korean older adults based on 2012 Beers Criteria: a cross-sectional population based study

Disease or syndrome   Male (n = 212,082) No (%b)   Female (n = 311,729) No (%b)   Total (n = 523,811)No (%b)
Cardiovascular       
 Heart failure (n = 66,119) 11,624 (17.58) 25,003 (37.82) 36,627 (55.40)
 Syncope (n = 4,871) 573 (11.76) 509 (10.45) 1,082 (22.21)
Central nervous system       
 Chronic seizures or epilepsy (n = 16,940) 2,357 (13.91) 3,502 (20.67) 5,859 (34.59)
 Delirium (n = 3,906) 1,410 (36.10) 1,801 (46.11) 3,211 (82.21)
 Dementia and cognitive impairment (n = 53,992) 13,557 (25.11) 29,767 (55.13) 43,324 (80.24)
 History of falls or fractures (n = 76,721) 10,844 (14.13) 34,504 (44.97) 45,348 (59.11)
 Insomnia (n = 68,919) 7,668 (11.13) 13,876 (20.13) 21,544 (31.26)
 Parkinson's disease (n = 13,662) 557 (4.08) 1,277 (9.35) 1,834 (13.42)
Gastrointestinal       
 Chronic constipation (n = 112,212) 26,920 (23.99) 44,320 (39.50) 71,240 (63.49)
 History of gastric or duodenal ulcers (n = 173,326) 30,178 (17.41) 58,069 (33.50) 88,247 (50.91)
Kidney and urinary tract       
 Chronic kidney disease Stages IV and V (n = 12,511) 4,153 (33.19) 3,650 (29.17) 7,803 (62.37)
 LUTS/BPHc in men (n = 68,096) 37,826 (55.55) -   37,826 (55.55)
 Urinary incontinence (all types) in women (n = 28,368) -   118 (0.42) 118 (0.42)
 Stress or mixed urinary incontinence (n = 6,759) -   369 (5.46) 369 (5.46)
  1. aThe prevalences were significantly different between male and female for each diagnosis or condition (P<0.0001); bPercentages (%) with respect to male, female, and total populations for each diagnosis or condition, respectively; cLUTS/BPH, lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia