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Table 2 Nutritional status body composition, physical function and bio-chemical status, 1–3 years after stroke

From: Functional performance, nutritional status, and body composition in ambulant community-dwelling individuals 1–3 years after suffering from a cerebral infarction or intracerebral bleeding

   Men Women  
  Total 65–74 years 75–85 years 65–74 years 75–85 years Gender difference
  (n = 134) (n = 54) (n = 39) (n = 23) (n = 18) P-value
MNA-SF (0–14 p), median (IQR)a 14 (2) 14 (1) 13 (2) 13 (2) 13.5 (2) 0.24
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 27.3 (4.1) 27.8 (4.0) 26.4 (2.8) 27.4 (4.8) 27 (5.4) 0.68
BMI class, (kg/m2), n (%)       
  < 22 8 (6) 3 (5.6) 1 (2.6) 2 (8.7) 2 (11.1) NA
 22–24.9 31 (23.3) 11 (20.4) 12 (31.6) 5 (21.7) 3 (16.7) 0.62
 25–29.9 64 (48.1) 24 (44.4) 20 (52.6) 12 (52.2) 8 (44.4) 0.17
  ≥ 30 30 (22.6) 16 (29.6) 5 (13.2) 4 (17.4) 5 (27.8) 0.41
10 mWT (m/s), mean (SD) 1.08 (0.25) 1.16 (0.25) 1.10 (0.22) 0.96 (0.23) 0.94 (0.23) >0.001
   <1.0 m/s, n (%) 38 (28) 11 (12) 7 (7) 11 (27) 9 (2)  
SPPB (0–12 p), median (IQR) 10 (3) 11 (16) 10 (4) 10 (3) 9 (4) 0.005
   ≤ 8, n (%) 37 (41) 15 (16) 19 (20) 10 (24) 11 (27)  
PASE, (0 ≤ p), mean (SD) 108 (65) 121 (101) 104 (73) 98 (52) 95 (50) 0.18
FFM (kg), mean (SD)       <0.001
 Male, mean (SD) 58.5 (6.9) 59.5 (7.4) 56.4 (5.7)    
 Female, mean (SD) 41.9 (5.3)    42.4 (4.8) 41.3 (5.9)  
FFMI (kg/m2), median (IQR)       <0.001
 Male, median (IQR) 19.4 (2.2) 19.5 (2.4) 19.3 (2.3)    
 Female, median (IQR) 16.7 (1.5)    16.7 (2.3) 16.7 (2.8)  
FMI (kg/m2), median (IQR)       <0.001
 Male, median (IQR) 7.3 (3.0) 7.8 (3.2) 7.0 (3.1)    
 Female, median (IQR) 10.1 (3.6)    10.1 (3.0) 9.9 (4.6)  
FM%, mean (SD)       <0.001
 Male, mean (SD) 27.2 (5.3) 28.0 (5.4) 26.3 (5.2)    
 Female, mean (SD) 38.0 (6.3)    37.7 (6.6) 38.4 (6.1)  
Plasma total cholesterol, (mmol/l), mean (SD) 4.9 (1.0) 4.7 (0.94) 4.6 (0.93) 5.4 (1.3) 5.2 (0.93) 0.007
Plasma LDL cholesterol, (mmol/l), mean (SD) 2.5 (0.75) 2.5 (0.78) 2.3 (0.65) 2.6 (0.88) 2.6 (0.69) 0.18
Plasma HDL cholesterol, (mmol/l), mean (SD) 1.4 (0.33) 1.2 (0.25) 1.3 (0.38) 1.5 (0.50) 1.5 (0.29) <0.001
Plasma albumin (g/l), mean (SD) 38.1 (2.7) 38.6 (2.7) 37.4 (2.5) 38.4 (3.0) 37.2 (2.4) 0.39
Serum IGF-I*, μg/l, mean (SD) 131.1 (46.6) 131.5 (44.9) 134.0 (44.0) 131.8 (56.3) 120.6 (44.7) 0.52
Plasma CRP, mg/l, median (IQR) 1.9 (2.7) 1.9 (2.3) 2.6 (2.3) 1.4 (3.7) 2.3 (2.9) 0.55
  1. Data are means (SD) or medians (IQR). aReference values for FM%: <20 % (men) or <30 % (women)
  2. Abbreviations: BMI Body Mass Index, CRP C-Reactive Protein, FM Fat Mass, FMI Fat Mass Index, FFM Fat-Free Mass, FFMI Fat-Free Mass Index, HDL High Density Lipoprotein, LDL Low Density Lipoprotein, MNA-SF Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form, NA Non-applicant, PASE Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, S-IGF-I Insulin-Like Growth Factor-I, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, 10 mWT 10-m Walking Test. P < 0.05
  3. aFor this analysis MNA-SF was calculated with the mobility item omitted
  4. * the IGF-1 reference value for individuals aged 71–75 years was 64–188 μg/l