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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: The effects of a pro-active integrated care intervention for frail community-dwelling older people: a quasi-experimental study with the GP-practice as single entry point

  Experimental group
(n = 184)
Mean (SD) or %
Control group
(n = 193)
Mean (SD) or %
p-value
Background variables    
 GFI (0–15) 6.0 (2.0) 5.8 (1.8) 0.19
 Age 81.8 (4.7) 82.3 (5.3) 0.38
 Sex – women 69.6% 59.6% 0.04
 Educational level
  Low
  High
63.0%
37.0%
46.6%
53.4%
0.00
 Marital status
  Married and living together
  Single and widowed
37.0%
63.0%
41.7%
58.3%
0.35
 Living situation
  Independently
  Assisted living facility
71.7%
28.3%
82.4%
17.6%
0.01
 Multimorbidity 3.8 (1.9) 3.9 (1.9) 0.66
Outcomes    
 Health outcomes    
  Experienced health (0–100) 33.8 (17.1) 35.1 (20.5) 0.51
  Mental health (0–100) 71.3 (17.6) 72.0 (16.5) 0.69
  Social functioning (0–100) 69.1 (33.7) 65.7 (39.0) 0.36
 Functional abilities    
  Functional abilities (0–15) 3.9 (3.1) 3.7 (3.2) 0.48
 Quality of life    
  General quality of life (0–100) 42.3 (18.0) 47.0 (19.4) 0.01
  Health-related quality of life (0–1) 0.6 (0.2) 0.7 (0.3) 0.60
  Well-being – love & friendship (1–4) 3.1 (0.8) 3.0 (0.8) 0.20
  Well-being – security (1–4) 3.2 (0.9) 3.3 (0.8) 0.32
  Well-being – role (1–4) 2.7 (0.8) 2.8 (0.8) 0.12
  Well-being – enjoyment (1–4) 3.0 (0.8) 2.8 (0.8) 0.08
  Well-being – control (1–4) 2.6 (0.9) 2.8 (0.9) 0.08