Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk factors for falls: logistics regression analysis, baseline survey, non-fallers versus fallers and non-fallers versus recurrent fallers

From: Risk factors for falls in older adults in a South African Urban Community

Factor Non fallers versus fallers Non fallers versus Recurrent fallers
OR 95 % CI P-value Factor OR 95 % CI P-value
 Residents per household 0.90 0.83 0.97 0.014  Residents per household 0.88 0.78 0.99 0.038
 Number of drugs 1.16 1.08 1.24 <0.001  Number of drugs 1.22 1.11 1.34 <0.001
 Number of medical conditions 1.19 1.05 1.36 0.006 Self-reported previous stroke
 Cognitive score (SOMCT) 1.04 1.01 1.08 0.006  No 1    
Self-rated health  Yes 3.36 1.69 6.80 0.001
 Very good/good 1     Perceived worse health than a year ago
 Poor/very poor 1.60 1.09 2.34 0.016  Better/Same 1    
Perceived worse health than a year ago  Worse 2.10 1.09 4.06 0.027
 Better/Same 1     Self-reported Parkinson’s disease
 Worse 2.31 1.30 4.13 0.005  No 1    
Self-reported Parkinson’s disease  Yes 5.84 1.90 17.88 0.002
 No 1     Self-reported poor urine control
 Yes 3.29 1.21 8.97 0.020  No 1    
Self-reported poor urine control  Yes 1.96 1.15 3.35 0.014
 No 1     Self-reported foot disorder     
 Yes 1.67 1.13 2.67 0.010  No 1    
Occupation  Yes 2.26 1.33 3.83 0.002
 Unskilled 1         
 Skilled 2.21 1.40 3.50 0.001      
 Managerial/Professional 2.73 1.46 5.12 0.002      
  1. SOMCT Short Orientation Memory Concentration Test, SES Socio-economic status, IQR interquartile range, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. P-value: Wald test