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Table 3 Availibility and utilization of supportive actions for informal caregivers in eight European countries

From: Formal support for informal caregivers to older persons with dementia through the course of the disease: an exploratory, cross-sectional study

   Diagnosis stage Early stage: mild cognitive impairment Intermediate stage: moderate cognitive impairment Late stage: severe cognitive impairment End of life stage
Available for Utilized by Available for Utilized by Available for Utilized by Available for Utilized by Available for Utilized by
Counseling: Informal and formal, professionals or agency providing support to persons with dementia (PwDs) and their family. EE No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one
FI All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
FR Most Most Most Most Most Most Few Few No one No one
DE Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
NL All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
ES All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
SE All Few All Most All Most All Most Few Most
E Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
Caregiver support: Organization where professionals provide support, such as counseling, individually and/or in groups, and provide home visits to informal caregivers. EE Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
FI All Few All Few All Most All Most All All
FR Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
DE Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
NL All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
ES Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most
SE All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
E Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
Caregiver education: Training for informal caregivers providing care and service to PwDs. Education includes needs and symptoms of dementia. EE Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
FI All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
FR Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
DE All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
NL All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
ES Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
SE Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
E Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
Informal caregivers – reimbursed: Informal caregivers employed by the public to provide care and service. EE No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one
FI No one No one No one No one Most Most Most Most All All
FR Few Few Few Few Few Few Most Most Few Few
DE Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most
NL All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
ES No one No one No one No one Most Most All Most All Most
SE Few No one Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
E All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
Informal caregivers – not reimbursed: Informal caregivers provide care and service voluntarily. EE Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most
FI Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most
FR Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Few Few
DE Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
NL All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
ES All All All All All All All All All All
SE All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
E All Most All Most All Most All Most All Most
Day care/day activity/day care center/day hospital: Clinic or agency providing social activities and activities to stimulate physical, mental, and intellectual functional ability, daytime. EE Most Few Most Few Most Few Few Few No one No one
FI Few Most Few Most Few Most No one No one No one No one
FR Most Most Most Most Most Most Few Few No one No one
DE Few No one Few Few Few Few Few Few Few No one
NL All All All All All All All All All All
ES No one No one Most Few Most Few No one No one No one No one
SE Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few No one No one
E Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Few Few
Day care/day activity/day care center/day hospital specialized in dementia care: Clinic or agency with staff specialized in dementia care providing social activities and activities to stimulate cognitive ability, daytime. Only persons with dementia are admitted. EE Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few No one No one
FI Few Most Most Most Most Most Most Most No one No one
FR Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most Most
DE Few No one Few Few Few Few Few Few Few No one
NL All All All All All All All All All All
ES No one No one Few Few Few Few Few Few No one No one
SE Few Few Few Few Few Few For few Few No one No one
E Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
Respite care at home: Care at home to provide relief to informal caregivers who are caring for a family member/close friend. EE Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few Few
FI All Few All Few All Few All Most All Most
FR No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one
DE All No one All Few All Few All Few All Few
NL All All All All All All All All All All
ES No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one No one
SE All Few All Few All Few All Few All Few
E Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few Most Few
  1. DE Germany, E England, EE Estonia, ES Spain, FI Finland, FR France, NL the Netherlands, SE Sweden
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