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Table 4 Functional disability assessment of the participants comparing patients with diabetes and without diabetes

From: Cognitive impairment and dependence of patients with diabetes older than 65 years old in an urban area (DERIVA study)

Level of dependence/ independence of ADL Non Diabetic Diabetic P value
  n = 242 n = 69  
  Mean/n Mean/n  
  SD/(%) SD/(%)  
Basic activities (Barthel Index)
 Global mean 91.93 ± 18.09 88.62 ± 19.64 0.190
 Independence, n (%) 183 (75.6) 43 (62.3) 0.033
Instrumental activities (Lawton and Brody Index):
 Global mean 6.91 ± 1.94 6.12 ± 2.47 0.005
Independence to perform eight ADL n (%) 153 (64.3) 35 (50.7) 0.050
Independence to perform instrumental ADL n (%):
 Ability to handle finances 211 (87.6) 55 (79.7) 0.117
 Shopping 185 (77.1) 48 (69.6) 0.208
 Responsibility for own medications, 216 (90.0) 55 (79.7) 0.035
 Food preparation 183 (75.9) 43 (62.3) 0.031
 Ability to use telephone 232 (96.7) 64 (92.8) 0.174
 Housekeeping 208 (86.3) 49 (71.0) 0.006
 Mode of transportation 233 (96.7) 62 (89.9) 0.049
 Laundry 194 (80.5) 46 (66.7) 0.022
  1. Values are means ± standard deviations (SD) for normally distributed continuous data and proportions for categorical data
  2. ADL activities of daily living