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Table 3 Cognitive performance of the participants comparing patients with diabetes and without diabetes

From: Cognitive impairment and dependence of patients with diabetes older than 65 years old in an urban area (DERIVA study)

Neuropsychological variables Non Diabetic Diabetic P value
n = 242 n = 69
  Mean/SD Mean/SD  
Mini-mental-state examination
 Total 26.05 ± 4.03 24.88 ± 4.74 0.044
 Temporal orientation 4.43 ± 1.09 4.13 ± 1.40 0.064
 Spatial orientation 4.85 ± 0.57 4.87 ± 0.57 0.814
 Attention and calculation 4.12 ± 1.45 3.74 ± 1.85 0.076
 Memory 4.70 ± 1.20 4.39 ± 1.19 0.061
 Language 7.41 ± 1.03 7.28 ± 1.16 0.355
 Visuoconstructional skills 0.55 ± 0.49 0.48 ± 0.50 0.325
7 minute screen test
 Total 139.34 ± 26.20 138.68 ± 24.14 0.859
 Benton temporal orientation test 103.75 ± 22.23 98.90 ± 27.55 0.136
 Enhanced Cued Recall test 14.70 ± 2.48 15.11 ± 1.23 0.201
 Clock drawing test 5.51 ± 2.00 5.30 ± 2.36 0.469
 Category fluency 14.46 ± 6.20 14.26 ± 5.25 0.816
  1. Values are means ± standard deviations (SD) for normally distributed continuous data