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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the participants comparing patients with diabetes and without diabetes

From: Cognitive impairment and dependence of patients with diabetes older than 65 years old in an urban area (DERIVA study)

  Non Diabetic Diabetic P value
  n = 242 n = 69  
  Mean/Median/n Mean/Median/n  
  SD/IQR/(%) SD/IQR/(%)  
Age (years) 75.60 ± 7.10 76.90 ± 7.22 0.183
 Male 75.18 ± 6.53 76.44 ± 7.09  
 Female 75.82 ± 7.40 77.19 ± 7.38  
Age groups (years), n(%)    0.100
 66–74 116 (47.9) 25 (36.2)  
  > 75 126 (52.1) 44 (63.8)  
Gender Male, n(%) 84 (34.7) 27 (39.1) 0.569
Years of education, median(IQR) 9 (6–9) 9 (6–9) 0.253
Educational level, n(%)    0.334
 Iliterate 69 (28.5) 26 (37.7)  
 Primary-Secondary education 136 (56.2) 33 (47.8)  
 Higher education 37 (15.3) 10 (14.5)  
Living with his/her partner, n(%) 139 (57.4) 40 (58.0) 1.000
Living alone, n(%) 46 (19.0) 15 (21.7) 0.608
Someone helps him/her with activities of daily living, n(%) 115 (47.5) 37 (53.6) 0.415
Who is his/her primary aid, n(%)    0.594
 His/her partner 55 (64.7) 20 (63.5)  
 Son/daughter 23 (27.1) 10 (32.3)  
 Others 7 (8.2) 1 (3.2)  
Number of living children, median (IQR) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) 0.743
  1. Values are means ± standard deviations(SD) for normally distributed continuous data and medians (interquartile range (IQR)) for asymmetrically distributed continuous data and number and proportions for categorical data