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Table 1 Measurements and test administrations at T1, T2, T3, and T4 for participants and caregivers

From: The effects of video observation of chewing during lunch on masticatory ability, food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia: a study protocol of an adjusted randomized controlled trial

  Participant Caregiver
Measures MMSE 15-25 MMSE <15 All participants
Masticatory ability    
  Two-colour chewing gum X X  
Food intake    
  Weighed inventory method X X  
  MMSE Xa Xa  
  Eight words test X   
  Digit Span X   
  Visual Memory Span X   
  Face recognition X   
  Picture recognition X   
  Picture completion X   
  Letter fluency X   
  Category fluency I (animals) X   
  Category fluency II (professions) X   
  Katz ADL    X
  Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia    X
  DQoL X X  
  1. MMSE mini-mental state examination, ADL activities of daily living, QoL quality of life, DQoL dementia quality of life. Adapted from “The effects of observation of walking in a living room environment, on physical, cognitive, and quality of life related outcomes in older adults with dementia: a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial,” by J.G. Douma, K.M. Volkers, J.P. Vuijk, M.H. Sonneveld, R.H.M. Goossens, and E.J.A. Scherder, 2015, BMC Geriatrics, 15, p. 26. Copyright 2015 by the authors
  2. aPre-baseline test score is considered T1 test score