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Table 3 Anthropometric variables and components of metabolic syndrome of subjects with metabolic syndrome categorized by gender

From: Gender differences in metabolic syndrome components among the Korean 66-year-old population with metabolic syndrome

  Male (n = 43,129) Female (n = 60,634)  
Mean ± SD n (%) Mean ± SD n (%) p-value
Waist circumference (cm)      <0.0001
 Normal 82.30 ± 5.39 19,655 (45.6 %) 78.19 ± 4.89 23,742 (39.2 %)  
 Obesea 94.78 ± 8.17 23,474 (54.4 %) 90.89 ± 10.18 36,892 (60.8 %)  
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)      <0.0001
 Normal 65.54 ± 73.14 29,641 (68.7 %) 82.76 ± 97.43 24,858 (41.0 %)  
 Lowb 34.23 ± 4.16 13,488 (31.3 %) 41.54 ± 5.74 35,776 (59.0 %)  
Triglyceride (mg/dL)      <0.0001
 Normal 105.29 ± 27.39 7,133 (16.5 %) 105.79 ± 27.04 12,751 (21.0 %)  
 Highc 195.05 ± 111.05 35,996 (83.5 %) 192.91 ± 100.46 47,883 (79.0 %)  
Blood pressure (mmHg)      <0.0001
 Normal 126.35 ± 12.50/75.47 ± 6.60 7,277 (16.9 %) 126.08 ± 13.09/74.82 ± 6.86 13,011 (21.5 %)  
 Highd 136.43 ± 17.05/83.16 ± 10.68 35,852 (83.1 %) 136.31 ± 6.86/82.49 ± 10.86 47,623 (78.5 %)  
Blood sugar (mg/dL)
 Normal 89.18 ± 7.54 5,404 (12.5 %) 88.94 ± 7.37 13,002 (21.4 %) <0.0001
 Elevatede 116.18 ± 34.99 37,725 (87.5 %) 113.56 ± 32.60 47,632 (78.6 %)  
Number of abnormalities
 3   28,221 (65.4 %)   33,048 (54.5 %)  
 4   12,668 (29.4 %)   21,268 (35.1 %)  
 5   2,240 (5.2 %)   6,318 (10.4 %)  
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or as number (percentage)
  2. a Obese is defined as waist circumference >90 cm (male) or >80 cm (female). b Low HDL cholesterol is defined as HDL <40 mg/dL (male) or <50 mg/dL (female). c High triglyceride is defined as triglyceride >150 mg/dL. d High blood pressure is defined as systolic/diastolic blood pressure >130/85 mmHg. e Elevated blood sugar is defined as fasting blood sugar >100 mg/dL
  3. n number, HDL high-density lipoprotein
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