Skip to main content

Table 1 Description and comparison of individuals (≥80 years) with heart failure (HF) who were aware or unaware of this condition (n = 90)

From: Self-awareness of heart failure in the oldest old–an observational study of participants, ≥ 80 years old, with an objectively verified heart failure

  Aware of HF Unaware of HF p-valuea
n = 23 (%) n = 67 (%)  
Age Mean (SD) 85.3 (3.9) 86.1 (4.5) 0.484
 95 % CI for Mean 63.6 to 87.0 85.1 to 87.2  
Gender    
 Male 9 (39.1) 24 (35.8) 0.776
Education    
 ≤9 years 17 (73.9) 47 (75.8) 0.857
Living arrangements    
 Living alone 12 (66.7) 45 (76.3) 0.416
Cognitive ability    0.761
 Normal 7 (31.8) 23 (35.4)  
 Mild/Moderate/Severe impairment 15 (68.2) 42 (64.6)  
Daily functioning    0.297
 Excellent ability/Mild impairment 12 (54.5) 28 (41.8)  
 Moderate/Severe/Total impairment 10 (45.5) 39 (58.2)  
Risk of depression    0.309
 Absence of risk 15 (65.2) 48 (76.2)  
 Mild/Moderate/High risk 8 (34.8) 15 (23.8)  
Time-span between diagnosis-survey    
 Months, mean (SD) 14.1 (10.0) 20.0 (15.7) 0.133
 95 % CI for mean 9.7 to 18.6 16.1 to 23.9  
Functional capacity    0.373
 NYHA I 7 (30.4) 27 (40.9)  
 NYHA II-IV 16 (69.6) 39 (59.1)  
  1. Note: The Chi-squared test was used for nominal data. The Mann–Whitney U-test was used for interval data
  2. aComparisons between individuals aware of and unaware of own HF
\