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Table 3 Remaining life expectancy at age 75 (rLE) and 95 % confidence intervals by initial state, stratified by sex and LEI

From: Years of life lost due to lower extremity injury in association with dementia, and care need: a 6-year follow-up population-based study using a multi-state approach among German elderly

Initial state Destination state rLE without LEIa rLE with LEIa YLL due to LEIb
Females
 1. Healthy 1. Healthy 8.95 6.95 2.00
   (8.83 9.06) (6.79 7.13) (1.84 2.13)
  2. Dementia 0.77 0.64 0.13
   (0.74 0.81) (0.59 0.68) (0.09 0.18)
  3. Care 1.33 1.30 0.03
   (1.29 1.38) (1.24 1.37) (-0.03 0.09)
  4. Dementia & Care 1.56 1.62 −0.06
   (1.52 1.61) (1.56 1.70) (-0.13 0.01)
  Total 12.61 10.51 2.10
 2. Dementia 2. Dementia 3.19 2.14 1.05
   (1.95 4.01) (0.82 2.98) (0.90 1.23)
  4. Dementia & Care 4.31 3.64 0.67
   (3.97 4.59) (3.20 3.94) (0.49 0.90)
  Total 7.50 5.78 1.72
 3. Care 3. Care 3.40 2.84 0.56
   (2.86 3.89) (2.31 3.33) (0.43 0.69)
  4. Dementia & Care 1.96 1.70 0.26
   (1.63 2.38) (1.38 2.12) (0.16 0.37)
  Total 5.36 4.54 0.82
 4. Dementia & Care 4. Dementia & Care 5.24 4.21 1.03
   (4.23 5.99) (3.15 4.99) (0.86 1.20)
Males
 1. Healthy 1. Healthy 7.96 6.17 1.79
   (7.81 8.12) (5.96 6.38) (1.63 1.94)
  2. Dementia 0.57 0.46 0.11
   (0.53 0.60) (0.42 0.51) (0.07 0.14)
  3. Care 0.82 0.79 0.03
   (0.79 0.87) (0.74 0.85) (-0.01 0.08)
  4. Dementia & Care 0.79 0.75 0.04
   (0.75 0.83) (0.70 0.81) (-0.01 0.07)
  Total 10.14 8.17 1.97
 2. Dementia 2. Dementia 3.44 2.51 0.93
   (3.01 3.92) (2.08 2.95) (0.79 1.07)
  4. Dementia & Care 2.42 2.00 0.42
   (2.20 2.65) (1.77 2.24) (0.31 0.52)
  Total 5.86 4.51 1.35
 3. Care 3. Care 1.74 1.41 0.33
   (1.30 2.18) (0.99 1.82) (0.24 0.42)
  4. Dementia & Care 0.91 0.76 0.15
   (0.61 1.25) (0.48 1.07) (0.09 0.24)
  Total 2.65 2.17 0.48
 4. Dementia & Care 4. Dementia & Care 2.52 1.86 0.66
   (1.72 3.34) (1.13 2.62) (0.86 1.20)
  1. rLE remaining life expectancy at age 75, CI 95 % Confidence intervals bootstrapped by 1000 replications,YLL years of life lost, a”Without LEI” refers to individuals who do not experience LEI during the entire period. “With LEI” refers to individuals who start out with LEI at age 75 in their initial state. bYLL due to LEI, calculated by the difference between the columns “rLE Without LEI” and “rLE With LEI”