Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the patients

From: Hypnosis can reduce pain in hospitalized older patients: a randomized controlled study

   Hypnosis Massage Total
n:26 n:27 n:53
Age (mean ± SD)   81.4 ± 1.5 79.9 ± 8.5 80.6 ± 8.2
Gender M/F   5/21 9/18 14/39
Education n (%)
  Compulsory school 8 (31) 5 (19) 13 (25)
Diploma 10 (38) 17 (62) 27 (50)
University 8 (31) 5 (19) 13 (25)
Marital status n (%)
  alone 2 (12) 5 (19) 8 (15)
  married 9 (35) 11 (41) 20 (38)
  widowed 9 (35) 9 (33) 18 (34)
  divorced 5 (18) 2(7) 7 (13)
Admission reason n (%)
  Pain condition* 20 (73) 14 (52) 34 (64)
  cardiac 1 (4) 1 (4) 2 (4)
  infection 2 (8) 1 (4) 3 (6)
  fall 2 (8) 5 (18) 7 (13)
  fracture 0 2 (8) 2 (4)
  other 1 (4) 4 (14) 5 (9)
MMSE (mean ± SD)   26.7 ± 2.0 27.1 ± 1.9 26.9 ± 2.1
CIRS (mean ± SD)   13.8 ± 4.8 14.7 ± 4.2 13.9 ± 4.5
HADS anxiety (n) score    
  0-7 17 19 36
  8-11 4 3 7
  >11 5 5 10
HADS depression (n) 0-7 22 23 55
  8-11 2 2 4
  11 2 2 4
  1. *P = 0.021
\