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Table 5 Effects of the Home-Based Cognitive Behavioral Program on Fall Outcomes

From: Effectiveness of a home-based cognitive behavioral program to manage concerns about falls in community-dwelling, frail older people: results of a randomized controlled trial

  Control group Intervention group Modela P- value
n = 180 n = 166
  n (%) n (%) OR (95 % CI) P
Fallers       
 Baseline until 12-month follow-up 106 (58.9) 94 (56.6) 0.79 (0.50–1.23) .292
Recurrent fallers       
 Baseline until 12-month follow-up 67 (37.2) 55 (33.1) 0.67 (0.41–1.09) .104
  Numberb Numberb IRR (95 % CI) P
Total falls 429 362 0.86 (0.65–1.13) .273
 Indoor falls 291 2 0.68 (0.50–0.92) .014
 Outdoor 138 160 1.11 (0.78–1.56) .568
 No. of times medical attention required as a result of falls 87 106 1.42 (0.96–2.10) .083
  1. Results of mixed-effects logistic and negative binomial regression analyses
  2. 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval; OR = odds ratio mixed-effects logistics regression; IRR = incidence rate ratio obtained via negative binomial regression
  3. aModel adjusted for baseline score measurement and level of concerns about falls, age, gender, perceived general health, and falls in the past 6 months
  4. bAnalyses were performed with a Poisson distribution. This distribution of fall events accounts for over dispersion and incorporates both number of falls and time (weeks) of follow-up; herefore, all available data was used
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