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Table 2 Effects of the Home-Based Cognitive Behavioral Program on Primary Outcomea

From: Effectiveness of a home-based cognitive behavioral program to manage concerns about falls in community-dwelling, frail older people: results of a randomized controlled trial

  Control group Intervention group Modelb P- value Effect size
n = 171 n = 141
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Adjusted mean difference (95 % CI) P d
FES-I        
 Baseline 35.47 (9.4) 35.70 (10.4) - - -
 5-month follow-up 35.30 (10.4) 31.73 (10.4) −3.53 (−∞ – -2.15) < .001 .34
 12-month follow-up 35.86 (11.1) 31.98 (10.9) −3.92 (−∞ – -2.52) < .001 .35
  1. Note: FES-I falls efficacy scale-international (range total scale 16–64; higher scores indicate more concerns about falls)
  2. 95 % CI = 95 % confidence interval (one-sided) SD standard deviation, ∞ = infinity
  3. aResults of mixed-effects linear regression analyses (intention-to-treat)
  4. bAdjusted for baseline score of the outcome and level of concerns about falls, age, gender, perceived general health, and falls in the past 6 months
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