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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Long-term effects of a 12 weeks high-intensity functional exercise program on physical function and mental health in nursing home residents with dementia: a single blinded randomized controlled trial

  Whole sample n = 170 Intervention n = 87 Control n = 83 p-value
Age years mean (SD) 86.9 (7.4) 87.3 (7.0) 86.5 (7.7) 0.48
Female n (%) 125 (73.5) 63 (72.4) 62 (74.7) 0.74
NH stay months mean (SD) 25.7 (24.5) 23.8 (20.0) 27.6 (28.4) 0.34
Walk independently n (%) 52 (31.1) 25 (28.7) 27 (32.5) 0.70
No of diagnosis mean (SD) 3.4 (1.9) 3.4 (1.9) 3.3 (1.9) 0.78
No of medications mean (SD) 6.4 (3.4) 5.8 (3.1) 6.7 (3.6) 0.10
BBS points mean (SD) 34.8 (14.0) 34.3 (14.4) 35.3 (13.7) 0.65
CST points n = 161 mean (SD) 6.1 (3.0) 6.0 (3.1) 6.2 (2.9) 0.73
NWS m/ s mean (SD) 0.5 (0.2) 0.5 (0.2) 0.5 (0.2) 0.93
BI points mean (SD) 13.5 (3.5) 13.5 (3.5) 13.4 (3.6) 0.83
MMSE points mean (SD) 15.6 (4.9) 15.5 (0.6) 15.7 (4.9) 0.81
QUALID points mean (SD) 18.1 (5.8) 18.4 (6.1) 17.7 (5.4) 0.39
Cornell Scala points mean (SD) 4.9 (4.5) 4.9 (4.8) 4.9 (4.2) 0.98
NPI points mean (SD) 5.5 (5.4) 6.1 (6.1) 4.8 (4.6) 0.14
Affective, NPI subscale 1.0 (1.4) 1.2 (1.5) 0.8 (1.3) 0.13
Agitation, NPI subscale 1.5 (1.9) 1.7 (2.1) 1.3 (1.7) 0.16
Apathy, NPI subscale 0.5 (0.8) 0.6 (0.8) 0.4 (0.7) 0.08
Affective symptoms present n (%) 80 (47.1) 44 (50.6) 36 (46.4) 0.35
Agitation symptoms present n (%) 134 (78.8) 69 (79.3) 65 (78.3) 0.88
Apathy symptoms present n (%) 57 (33.5) 34 (39.1) 23 (37.7) 0.12
  1. Independent samples t-test were used for continuous data and χ2 on categorical data
  2. BBS Berg Balance Scale, CST Chair stand test, NWS Normal walking speed, BI Barthel Index, MMSE Mini Mental State Examination, NPI Neuropsychiatric Inventory