Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Reablement in community-dwelling older adults: a randomised controlled trial

Characteristics Intervention (n = 31) Control (n = 30) p-value
Age, mean (SD), range 79.9 (10.4), 45 78.1 (9.8), 42 0.49
Female, no (%) 22 (71.0) 19 (63.3) 0.53
Married/cohabitating, no (%) 10 (32.3) 4 (13.3) 0.08
Education < university/university college, no (%) 27 (87.1) 24 (80.0) 0.51
Retired, no (%) 28 (90.3) 26 (86.7) 0.65
Motivation for rehabilitation, scale 1–10, 10 is best, mean (SD) 7.5 (2.3) 7.7 (2.1) 0.70
Total number of prescribed medications, mean (SD), range 6.1 (2.8), 13 6.7 (3.1), 11 0.46
Self-reported number of medical conditions, mean (SD), range 3.0 (1.7), 8 2.9 (1.1), 4 0.79
Category of main medical condition    0.42
 Cardiovascular condition, no (%) 5 (16.1) 2 (6.7)  
 Neurological condition included strokes, no (%) 8 (25.8) 8 (26.7)  
 Orthopedic condition, no (%) 10 (32.3) 12 (40.0)  
 Lung condition, no (%) 4 (12.9) 1 (3.3)  
 Other/unspecified condition, no (%) 4 (12.9) 7 (23.3)  
Activity performance (COPM), sum score, scale 1–10, 10 is best, mean (SD) 2.6 (1.5) 2.8 (1.4) 0.70
Activity satisfaction (COPM), sum score, scale 1–10, 10 is best, mean (SD) 2.6 (1.6) 3.3 (1.9) 0.12
Mobility and balance (Timed Up and Go), seconds, mean (SD), (n = 56) 24.6 (11.9) 23.3 (17.3) 0.73
Grip strength (Jamar dynamometer), men right hand, kilograms, mean (SD), (n = 19) 24.4 (14.1) 28.8 (9.6) 0.43
Grip strength (Jamar dynamometer), men left hand, kilograms, mean (SD), (n = 17) 27.3 (13.4) 25.8 (9.0) 0.79
Grip strength (Jamar dynamometer), women, right hand, kilograms, mean (SD), (n = 39) 17.7 (5.7) 15.8 (6.6) 0.34
Grip strength (Jamar dynamometer), women, left hand, kilograms, mean (SD), (n = 41) 17.1 (6.7) 14.4 (6.1) 0.18
Physical fitness (COOP/Wonka ), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 4.4 (0.6) 4.2 (0.7) 0.29
Feelings (COOP/Wonka), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 2.4 (1.5) 2.3 (0.9) 0.71
Daily activities (COOP/Wonka), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 3.5 (1.1) 3.2 (0.8) 0.16
Social activities (COOP/Wonka), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 2.4 (1.4) 2.9 (1.3) 0.13
Change in health (COOP/Wonka), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 2.4 (1.0) 2.1 (0.9) 0.34
Overall health (COOP/Wonka), scale 1–5, 1 is best, mean (SD) 3.0 (0.9) 2.9 (0.8) 0.46
  1. SD Standard deviation
  2. N is only specified if less than 61 participants
  3. Differences between groups were tested by using independent samples t-tests for means and χ2 for proportions (exact test when assumptions were not met)