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Table 3 Hierarchical Cox regression models of mortality associated with living alone: (mortality up to 31 Dec 2011)

From: Mortality of older persons living alone: Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Studies

   HR 95 % CI p
Adjusted Socio–demographic status (base model) 1.80 (1.16–2.78) 0.009
  Socio–demographic + health status 1.85 (1.17 –2.91) 0.008
  Socio–demographic + marital status 1.47 (0.93–2.32) 0.099
  Socio–demographic + health status + marital status 1.66 (1.05–2.63) 0.031
  1. Socio–demographic status: age, sex and housing type
  2. Health status: history of hypertension, diabetes, chronic lung disease, stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, IADL–BADL disability, GDS ≥ 5
  3. Marital status: single, divorced/widowed versus married