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Table 2 Group means and percentage of Personal Enhancers during music therapy and standard care

From: Individual music therapy for managing neuropsychiatric symptoms for people with dementia and their carers: a cluster randomised controlled feasibility study

Outcomes Baseline 3 months 5 months 7 months
N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD) N Mean (SD)
Symptom score (NPI-NH)         
Music therapy 6 17.33 (10.78) 6 10.83 (14.11) 6 12.33 (11.20) 6 8.67 (9.54)
Standard care 7 17.57 (6.08) 7 24.29 (8.86) 7 26.57 (7.14) 7 34.43 (7.37)
Disruptiveness score (NPI-NH)         
Music therapy 6 2.67 (4.68) 6 4.00 (5.62) 6 3.00 (4.38) 6 0.83 (1.33)
Standard care 7 3.00 (3.22) 7 10.71 (4.82) 7 10.71 (6.02) 7 13.86 (4.94)
Wellbeing score (DCM)         
Music therapy 5 0.86 (0.43) 5 1.72 (0.61) 5 1.80 (0.59) 5 1.76 (0.48)
Standard care 7 1.44 (0.49) 7 0.66 (0.61) 7 0.61 (0.49) 7 0.47 (0.68)
Personal enhancers (DCM-PE)         
Music therapy, %   87.50 (17.68)   61.90 (53.88)   74.90 (31.82)   71.80 (19.66)
Standard care, %   94.45 (7.85)   71.90 (39.75)   50.90 (43.70)   72.50 (20.08)