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Table 3 Comparative data of stabilometric and functional capacity (between-group comparison)

From: Effects of two exercise protocols on postural balance of elderly women: a randomized controlled trial

  Control PNF Pilates p
(Pos-Pre) (Pos-Pre) (Pos-Pre)
TODO (mm) 148.8 ± 396.3 −165.9 ± 259.2* −34.7 ± 230.9 0.008
ACPap (mm) 2.6 ± 5.5 −0.9 ± 5.2 0.4 ± 4.0 0.099
ACPml (mm) 0.6 ± 6.0 −4.2 ± 7.2 −2.4 ± 5.4 0.069
AREA (mm2) 40.0 ± 101.0 −37.2 ± 51.6* −11.7 ± 38.6 0.003
AAS (mm/s) 4.4 ± 10.2 −1.6 ± 9.1 0.6 ± 6.7 0.115
MAS (mm/s) 1.7 ± 9.2 −6.1 ± 5.6* −2.1 ± 4.9 0.003
TAS (mm/s) 5.0 ± 13.2 −5.5 ± 8.6* −1.2 ± 7.7 0.008
BERG 0.5 ± 2.7 4.1 ± 4.5* 2.0 ± 1.9 0.005
TAF (cm) 0.3 ± 7.9 9.2 ± 4.8* 8.8 ± 5.0* <0.001
TUG (sec) 0.1 ± 3.7 −2.6 ± 1.3* −3.6 ± 2.3* <0.001
  1. Data arepresented as mean ± standard deviation of the pre- to post-test differences calculated as post minus pre so that positive means indicate an increase over time
  2. *Significant difference compared with control group by Tukey’s post-hoc test after ANOVA, p < 0.05
  3. TDO: total displacement oscillation, ACPap: amplitude of displacement of the center of pressure in the anterior–posterior plane, ACPml: amplitude of displacement of the center of pressure in the mid-lateral plane, AREA: displacement area, AAS: anterior–posterior average speed, MAS: mid-lateral average speed, TAS: total average speed
  4. BERG: Berg Balance Scale score, TAF: functional reach test, TUG: timed up and go test