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Table 1 Study sample characteristics by gender (n (percentages) or means (±SD)

From: Description of spatio-temporal gait parameters in elderly people and their association with history of falls: results of the population-based cross-sectional KORA-Age study

Variable Males (n = 461) Females (n = 429) All (n = 890) t-value, c2-value, and P Value (t-test/ Chi-square test)
Mean age, y 75.5 (6.3) 75.3 (6.2) 75.4 (6.3) t(0.59), p = 0.5582
Falls, n (%) 48 (10.4%) 71 (16.6%) 119 (13.4%) c2(1) = 7.23, p = 0.0072
Recurrent falls, n (%) 14 (3.0%) 26 (6.1%) 40 (4.5%) c2(2) = 7.92, p = 0.0191
Multimorbidity*, n (%) 283 (61.4%) 278 (64.8%) 561 (63.0%) c2(1) = 1.11, p = 0.2918
Disability+, n (%) 70 (15.2%) 104 (24.2%) 174 (19.6%) c2(1) = 11.6, p = 0.0007
Frailty**, n (%) 176 (38.2%) 154 (35.9%) 330 (37.1%) c2(1) = 0.50, p = 0.4816
Use of ≥ 5 prescribed drugs++, n (%) 146 (31.7%) 125 (29.1%) 271 (30.5%) c2(1) = 0.67, p = 0.4120
Mean BMI, kg/m2 28.3 (3.6) 28.2 (4.5) 28.2 (4.1) t(0.12), p = 0.9061
Mean weight, kg 82.7 (12.1) 70.5 (11.9) 76.8 (13.5) t(15.25), p < .0001
Mean height, cm 171 (6.8) 158 (6.2) 164.7 (9.2) t(29.89), p < .0001
  1. *According to criteria of Kirchberger et al. [33].
  2. +According to Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire [34], threshold 0.5 [35].
  3. **Includes pre-frail and frail persons which fulfill at least one criteria of Fried et al. [30-32].
  4. ++recorded with IDOM-Software [36].