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Table 3 Health status and lifestyle according to gait speed of elderly in São Paulo-SP, Br

From: Factors associated with lower gait speed among the elderly living in a developing country: a cross-sectional population-based study

Variables Total Gait speed (%) Value p
1° Q 2° Q 3° Q 4° Q
Handgrip - (SE)* 25.8 (0.4) 22.9(0.7) 25.0 (0.6) 27.0(0.7) 28.6(0.9 0.000
TUG/mean (SE)** 12.9 (0.2) 17.6 (0.4) 12.6 (0.1) 11.1 (0.2) 9.7 (0.1) 0.000
Self-rated health       0.000
 Very good 51.0 16.1 30.3 28.0 25.6  
 Regular 42.5 28.4 30.0 25.1 16.5  
 Bad/very bad 6.5 43.0 25.6 13.2 18.1  
Cognitive mpairment       0.000
 Yes 7.5 60.4 29.0 3.8 6.7  
 No 92.5 22.1 30.0 26.3 21.5  
Depression       0.006
 Yes 17.6 28.2 36.4 21.1 14.3  
 No 82.4 21.9 28.8 26.7 22.6  
Physical activity       0.070
 Sedentary 59.6 28.1 29.8 23.6 18.5  
 Active 40.4 20.4 30.1 26.2 23.3  
IADL disability       0.000
 No 67.0 16.7 27.9 29.8 25.5  
 Yes 33.0 41.3 33.9 14.5 10.4  
BADL disability       0.000
 No 75.3 19.6 29.5 27.9 23.0  
 Yes 24.7 41.5 31.2 14.7 12.6  
Chronic disease       0.004
 None 16.8 17.6 29.7 24.8 27.9  
 1 28.8 20.3 28.7 26.7 24.2  
 2 or more 54.4 29.8 30.6 23.5 16.1  
Hipertension 66.4 28.6 29.6 23.2 18.6 0.003
Diabetes 25.3 27.0 30.7 23.2 19.1 0.727
COPD 9.3 24.3 44.5 22.8 8.4 0.001
DCV 22.8 32.6 31.8 24.5 11.1 0.000
AVC 3.5 58.3 23.8 10.1 7.8 0.000
Artrithis 32.3 28.9 32.5 23.4 15.2 0.012
  1. SABE Study, 2010.
  2. Abbreviations: COPD:Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, DCV:Cardiovascular Disease, AVC: Cerebrovascular Accident. SE: Standard Error *TesteWald: the means are statistically different from each other in walking speed quartiles (p <0.05) except between the means of the 1st and 2nd quartiles (p = 0.186) **TesteWald: the means are statistically different from each other in walking speed quartiles (p < 0.001).