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Table 3 Well-being and instrumental goals to achieve well-being in adults aged ≥ 70 years

From: Social cohesion and belonging predict the well-being of community-dwelling older people

  10% worst neighborhoods (this study; 2011)n = 97 All neighborhoods (this study; 2011)n = 945 Chronically ill (2011)n = 928 After hospitalization (2010/2011)n = 219
Social well-being     
Affection 1.88 (.70) 2.63 (.82)*** 3.10 (.68)*** 2.82 (.44)***
Behavioral confirmation 2.27 (.76) 2.86 (.73)*** 3.08 (.60)*** 3.31 (.61)***
Status 1.57 (.64) 1.90 (.75)*** 2.17 (.61)*** 3.22 (.53)***
Physical well-being     
Comfort 2.28 (.80) 2.63 (.83)*** 2.55 (.73)*** 2.19 (.72)
Stimulation 2.47 (.75) 2.77 (.75)*** 2.90 (.65)*** 2.54 (.78)
Overall well-being 2.08 (.50) 2.56 (.54)*** 2.76 (.44)*** 2.78 (.62)***
  1. Notes: Data are expressed as mean (standard deviation).
  2. ***p ≤ .001 vs. 10% worst neighborhoods (two-tailed t-test).