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Table 5 Health indicators' prevalence by health status profile at T0 (%)

From: Health status transitions in community-living elderly with complex care needs: a latent class approach

   Cog&Physic Imp Cog-Imp Physic-Imp R-Healthy
ADL-Mobility n = 1164 No 0 35.1 9.5 79.3
  1–2 activities 14.1 56.7 63.3 20.7
  + 2 activities 85.9 8.2 27.2 0
  χ2 (p-value)   955.01 (p < 0.001)  
  Adjusted C*   0.822 (p < 0.001)  
ADL-Personal care n = 1164 No 6.3 59.0 60.9 95.7
  1–2 activities 23.0 31.3 33.7 4.2
  + 2 activities 70.7 9.7 5.3 0
  χ2 (p-value)   770.27 (p < 0.001)  
  Adjusted C   0.773 (p < 0.001)  
IADL n = 1164 0–2 activities 0 2.2 26.2 87.3
  3–4 activities 1.1 19.4 57.5 12.4
  +4 activities 98.9 78.4 16.3 0.3
  χ2 (p-value)   1156.42 (p < 0.001)  
  Adjusted C   0.865 (p < 0.001)  
Cognitive problems n = 1159 None 30.4 10.7 92.9 86.1
  Moderate 6.5 13.2 3.9 8.8
  Severe 63.1 76.0 3.1 5
  χ2 (p-value)   556.05 (p < 0.001)  
  Adjusted C   0.719 (p < 0.001)  
Comorbidity n = 1158 0 25.4 71.4 11.9 36.1
  1–2 48.9 24.1 45.3 42.5
  >3 25.7 4.5 42.8 21.4
  χ2 (p-value)   208.70 (p < 0.001)  
  Adjusted C   0.479 (p < 0.0001)  
  1. * C = Contingency coefficient with adjustment so it reaches a maximum of 1 (i.e. C/Sqr-root of k1-/k, where k is the number of rows or column, whichever is less)
  2. ADL refers to difficulty with activities of daily living; IADL refers to difficulty with instrumental activities of daily living