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Table 2 Health indicator proportions (%) at baseline, 12 months and 22 months*

From: Health status transitions in community-living elderly with complex care needs: a latent class approach

   T0 (n = 1164) T1 (n = 797) T2 (n = 475)
Cognitive problems Yes 28.6 (31.4) 24.1 (25.8) 33.3 (35.9)
  Missing 8.9 (-) 6.6 (-) 7.4 (-)
Depression Moderate 29.1 (38.1) 21.0 (28.5) 17.7 (25.8)
  Severe 15.0 (19.7) 20.2 (27.5) 20.4 (29.8)
  Missing 23.6 (-) § 26.6 (-) 31.6 (-)
High blood pressure Yes 27.0 27.6 37.9
  Missing 0.9 0.5 0.8
Circulatory problems Yes 39.3 40.5 44.0
  Missing 0.9 0.9 1.1
Stroke Yes 20.6 23.2 25.5
  Missing 0.7 0.8 0.4
Diabetes Yes 19.0 18.7 20.0
  Missing 0.9 0.9 -
Respiratory problems Yes 25.3 25.5 26.1
  Missing 0.6 0.1 0.6
Joint & Arthritis Yes 50.0 51.6 56.8
  Missing 0.9 0.5 0.6
Tumor or Cancer Yes 17.4 17.8 18.1
  Missing 0.8 0.5 0.2
Bladder problems Yes 31.1 (34.1) 29.1 (32.1) 25.7 (28.7)
  Missing 8.8 (-) 9.4 (-) 10.5 (-)
Stomach problems Yes 26.1 24.8 27.6
  Missing 0.5 0.6 0.2
Sensory problems Yes 24.4 23.5 28.4
  Missing 0.4 0.4 1.1
Functional limits (U) Yes 56.7 75.3 78.9
  Missing 0.6 0.1 1.3
Functional limits (L) Yes 75.0 62.1 67.6
  Missing 0.9 0.1 1.3
ADL-Mobility Disability None 31.0 29.7 22.5
  1–2 activities 38.4 32.7 35.6
  + 2 activities 30.6 37.5 41.5
  Missing - - 0.4
ADL-Personal Care Disability None 58.4 63.2 57.7
  1–2 activities 22.2 16.1 16.0
  + 2 activities 19.4 20.7 25.9
  Missing - - 0.4
IADL Disability 0–2 activities 35.6 32.7 31.2
  3–4 activities 26.6 29.0 21.5
  +4 activities 37.8 38.0 46.7
  Missing - - 0.6
  1. * Entries in parentheses are the proportions generated by Mplus under the MAR hypothesis; proportions for other health indicators are not affected by missing values.
  2. § Of these 23.6% (n = 274) missing GDS scores, 14% (n = 163) are missing by design for severely cognitively impaired individuals. Real missing scores represent 8.7% only. At T1 and T2, 18.4% (n = 147) and 13.1% (n = 62) respectively are missing by design.
  3. ADL = Activity of daily living; IADL = Instrumental activity of daily living; U = upper limbs; L = lower limbs The upper and lower limbs distinction was made to capture variability in functional ability.