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Table 1 Sample characteristics at T0; % of deceased and LTF individuals at T1 and T2 *

From: Health status transitions in community-living elderly with complex care needs: a latent class approach

   Baseline T1 T2
   % (n = 1164) Deceased % (n = 134) LTF % (n = 232)§ Deceased % (n = 242) LTF % (n = 446)
Age Average (± SD) 82.2 (7.2) 83.7 (7.6) 82.2 (7.3) 84.3 (7.2) 82.1 (7.4)
  64–74 yrs 16.1 12.7 15.9 9.5 16.1
  75–84 yrs 43.8 35.8 41.4 38.8 42.0
  >84 yrs 40.2 51.5 42.7 51.7 41.9
Gender Female 70.9 56.0 73.3 57.4 74.0
  Male 29.1 44.0 26.7 42.6 26.0
Marital status Married 33.2 40.6 34.3 40.8 30.4
  Not married 66.8 59.4 65.7 59.2 69.6
Living arrangements Lives alone 43.7 26.1 46.8 30.7 46.7
  Not alone 56.6 73.9 53.2 69.3 53.3
Education Primary 32.3 33.8 32.6 35.2 32.7
  Secondary 48.6 44.9 47.3 47.0 48.8
  Higher 19.1 21.3 20.1 17.8 18.5
Income sufficiency Sufficient 62.7 64.9 59.5 62.7 61.4
  Not sufficient 37.3 35.1 40.5 37.3 38.6
Comorbidity 0 29.1 31.6 33.8 28.8 31.2
  1–2 42.8 37.6 41.1 37.9 43.6
  3+ 28.1 12.6 25.1 33.3 25.2
SMAF c Average (± SD) -23.5 (12.0) -29.0 (13.8) -23.3 (11.7) -27.9 (12.7) -23.5 (12.5)
  1. * Statistical difference calculated using χ2 statistics for categorical variables and logistic regression for age and SMAF; values in bold are significantly different at p < 0.001.
  2. § Includes individuals who did not complete the interview (n = 88) at T1 but who did at T2.
  3. Married includes having a common law spouse. Income sufficiency: Does your income currently satisfy your needs? Sufficient = very well or adequately; Not sufficient = with some difficulty, not very well or totally inadequate. SMAF: French acronym for Functional Autonomy Measurement System; a minimum score of -87 indicates the worst health state [48].