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Table 2 Perception of stroke warning signs and risk factors in the community-dwelling older population in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland**.

From: Stroke awareness in the general population: knowledge of stroke risk factors and warning signs in older adults

Responses Overall sample (n = 2, 033) %(N) Republic of Ireland (n = 1,033) %(N) Northern Ireland (n = 1,000) %(N) Difference between regions (χ2)
Warning signs     
- Slurred speech * 54% (1,102) 54% (569) 53% (533) p = 0.93, NS
- Dizziness* 44% (894) 51% (532) 36% (361) p < 0.0001
- Numbness (any)* 41% (832) 45% (472) 36% (360) p = 0.0001
- Weakness (any) * 38% (790) 36% (374) 41% (414) p < 0.01
- Headache* 29% (600) 30% (316) 28% (284) p = 0.53, NS
- Vision problems* 20% (410) 22% (230) 18% (180) p < 0.05
- Difficulty understanding 18% (369) 22% (230) 14% (139) p < 0.0001
No response/don't know 13% (255) 7% (74) 18% (181) p < 0.0001
Risk factors     
- Hypertension* 75% (1,523) 75% (786) 75% (737) p = 0.91, NS
- Stress 43% (888) 43% (450) 44% (436) p = 0.6, NS
- Cholesterol* 40% (823) 45% (471) 35% (353) p < 0.0001
- Smoking* 30% (621) 29% (300) 32% (320) p = 0.07, NS
- Obesity 30% (608) 26% (273) 33% (334) p = 0.0001
- Lack of exercise 18% (363) 19% (198) 17% (165) p = 0.22, NS
- Family history of stroke 16% (333) 22% (227) 10% (103) p < 0.0001
- Diabetes* 11% (217) 12% (124) 9% (92) p = 0.08, NS
- Alcohol use* 10% (201) 9% (93) 11% (108) p = 0.14, NS
- No response/don't know 6% (124) 4% (48) 8% (76) p < 0.01
  1. Note: Only factors where at least 5% indicated relevance are listed. Data represents up to 3 responses per participants and those include responses that have not been established by the medical community as stroke warning signs or stroke risk factors
  2. * Established warning sign/risk factor
  3. ** Weighted data