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Table 1 Description of specific exercises.

From: Efficacy of a multifaceted podiatry intervention to improve balance and prevent falls in older people: study protocol for a randomised trial

Name Description Dosage Increments
Ankle range of motion Sitting with leg extended. Rotate foot in clockwise direction then anti-clockwise 1 × 10 repetitions for each foot in each direction None
Ankle dorsiflexion strength Sitting, hip and ankle at 90°. Dorsiflex both feet to end range of motion and hold. Hold feet in dorsiflexion for 3 × 10 seconds Increase repetitions up to maximum of 10
Ankle inversion strength Sitting, hip and ankle at 90°. Invert foot against resistive exercise band anchored by chair leg 3 × 10 repetitions for each foot Increase resistance strength of resistive exercise band
Ankle eversion strength Sitting, hip and ankle at 90°. Evert foot against resistive exercise band anchored by chair leg 3 × 10 repetitions for each foot Increase resistance strength of resistive exercise band
Ankle plantarflexion strength From standing, rise up on to toes of both feet and back down 3 × 10 repetitions Increase repetitions up to maximum of 50.
Gastrocnemius stretch Standing stretch leaning against wall. Stretch leg is extended with knee locked. Support leg forward with knee bent Hold stretch for 3 × 20 seconds on each leg Increase forward lean to increase stretch as required
Toe plantarflexion strength Heel on plate of Archxerciser™. Toes over spring loaded toebar. Retract bar 3 × 10 repetitions for each foot Increase distance bar is retracted
Toe plantarflexion strength Pick up 25 mm stones and place in box. Pick up 2 × 20 stones for each foot. None
Adductor hallucis stretch Elastic band around both hallux. Move feet apart 3 × 20 seconds None
  1. All exercises to be performed 3 times a week for 6 months from baseline to follow up assessment.
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