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Table 2 Wording for the prompts used by COACH.

From: The COACH prompting system to assist older adults with dementia through handwashing: An efficacy study

Step Minimal verbal assistance Maximum verbal/video assistance*
Turn on the water [Name], you're washing your hands. Can you turn the water on? [Name], try turning the silver knobs.
Use the soap [Name] you're washing your hands. Please use the soap. [Name] you're washing your hands. Try putting on some soap.
Rinse hands [Name], you're washing your hands. Please rinse your hands. [Name], you're washing your hands. Try putting your hands in the water.
Turn off the water [Name] you're doing great. Can you turn the water off? [Name], you're doing great. Twist the knobs to turn the water off.
Dry hands [Name], you're doing great. Dry your hands now. [Name], try using the towel.
  1. * The same wording was used for the maximum verbal assistance and video assistance prompts.