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Table 5 Pain and prescription of analgesics, antidepressiva and anxiolytica/hypnosedativa at baseline in a sample (n = 350)a of Dutch nursing home patients.

From: Pain among nursing home patients in the Netherlands: prevalence, course, clinical correlates, recognition and analgesic treatment – an observational cohort study

  No pain n = 93 Mild pain symptoms n = 121 Serious pain symptoms n = 76
Analgesic monotherapy 25 (26.9%) 53 (43.8%) 33 (43.4%)
   Paracetamolb 14 (15.1%) 31 (25.6%) 13 (17.1%)
   NSAIDs 7 (7.5%) 20 (16.5%) 11 (14.5%)
   Opioids 4 (4.3%) 2 (1.7%) 8 (10.5%)
   Other analgesics 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%)
Analgesic combination therapy 0 (0.0%) 10 (12.1%) 12 (15.8%)
   Paracetamol and NSAIDs 0 (0.0%) 5 (4.1%) 4 (5.3%)
   Paracetamol and opioids 0 (0.0%) 5 (4.1%) 5 (6.6%)
   Paracetamol, NSAIDs and opioids 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.6%)
   Opioids and opioids 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%)
Analgesic prn c 6 (6.5%) 11 (9.1%) 8 (10.5%)
No analgesic 62 (66.7%) 47 (38.8%) 23 (30.3%)
Antidepressiva 20 (21.5%) 30 (24.8%) 26 (34.2%)
Anxiolytica/hypnosedativa 34 (36.6%) 66 (54.5%) 37 (48.7%)
  1. a Complete pain data and prescription data at baseline were available of 290 patients.
  2. b Paracetamol = acetaminophen
  3. c Prescription as needed: did not occur with standard prescription of analgesics in this sample.