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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of a sample of nursing homepatients in the Netherlands (n = 350).

From: Pain among nursing home patients in the Netherlands: prevalence, course, clinical correlates, recognition and analgesic treatment – an observational cohort study

Characteristic N %
Age (mean 79.3; SD 8.3; range:55–99)   
   55–79 169 48.3
   80–99 181 51.7
Sex   
   Male 109 31.1
   Female 241 68.9
Length of stay   
   > 1 year 209 59.7
   < 1 year 141 40.3
Cognitive functioning (MMSE) (mean 22.0; SD 3.8; range 15–30)   
   15–23 221 63.1
   24–30 129 36.9
Depressive symptoms (GDS >= 11)   
   Present 155 44.3
   not present 195 55.7
Anxiety symptoms (n = 333)   
   Present 99 29.7
   not present 234 70.3
Impaired sleep (n = 326)   
   Present 89 27.3
   not present 237 72.7
Number of physical illnesses (n = 300) (mean 3.7; SD 1.6; range 1–9)   
   <=3 145 48.3
   >3 155 51.7
Functional impairments (n = 340)   
   Severe 172 50.6
   Moderate 168 49.4