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Table 1 Summary of baseline covariates and association with any nursing home use over study period

From: Do social networks affect the use of residential aged care among older Australians?

Variable Classification n (%) Odds ratio (95%CI) (n = 909)a
Age group 70–74 379 (25.7%) Referent
  75–79 352 (23.8%) 4.2 (1.7 – 10.3)
  80–84 341 (23.1%) 3.7 (1.5 – 9.0)
  85+ 405 (27.4%) 4.1 (1.7 – 9.8)
Gender Male 928 (62.8%) Referent
  Female 549 (32.2%) 0.7 (0.4 – 1.2)
Education Left school >14 yrs 633 (42.9%) Referent
  Left school ≤14 yrs 830 (56.2%) 1.0 (0.6 – 1.5)
  Missing 14 (0.9%)  
Marital status Married/de facto 771 (52.2%) Referent
  Widowed 586 (40.0%) 1.2 (0.5 – 2.8)
  Single 120 (8.1%) 1.4 (0.8 – 2.4)
Household income >$AUD12,000 779 (52.7%) Referent
  ≤$AUD12,000 590 (39.9%) 2.0 (1.2 – 3.2)
  Missing 108 (7.3%)  
Home ownership Owns home 1038 (71.0%) Referent
  Renting 242 (16.4%) 0.8 (0.5 – 1.5)
  Other 50 (3.4%) 0.4 (0.1 – 1.8)
  In residential care 137 (9.3%) 4.8 (2.5 – 9.0)
Number of chronic conditionsb 0 264 (17.9%) Referent
  1 494 (33.4%) 1.3 (0.7 – 2.4)
  2 421 (28.5%) 0.9 (0.5 – 1.8)
  3+ 298 (20.2%) 0.6 (0.3 – 1.2)
Self-rated health Excellent/very good 563 (38.1%) Referent
  Good 440 (29.8%) 1.2 (0.7 – 2.0)
  Fair/poor 469 (31.8%) 1.4 (0.8 – 2.5)
  Missing 5 (0.3%)  
Hearing difficulty No 726 (49.2%) Referent
  Yes 746 (50.5%) 1.5 (1.0 – 2.3)
  Missing 5 (0.3%)  
Difficulty with (corrected) vision [43] No 1035 (70.1%) Referent
  Yes 375 (25.4%) 1.3 (0.8 – 2.1)
  Missing 67 (4.5%)  
Mobility disability [44,45] No disability 949 (64.3%) Referent
  Disability 506 (34.3%) 1.5 (0.9 – 2.4)
  Missing 22 (1.4%)  
Depressive symptoms CES-D [46] <17/60 1181 (80.0%) Referent
  ≥17/60 219 (14.8%) 1.2 (0.7 – 2.1)
  Missing 77 (5.2%)  
Cognitive function [40, 47] >16/21 1221 (82.7%) Referent
  ≤16/21 219 (14.8%) 1.6 (0.9 – 2.7)
  Missing 37 (2.5%)  
Alcohol consumption (AUDIT) [48] <8/10 1401 (94.9%) Referent
  ≥8/10 65 (4.4%) 1.0 (0.3 – 3.0)
  Missing 11 (0.7%)  
Exercise status [16, 49] Exerciser 794 (53.8%) Referent
  Sedentary 663 (44.9%) 1.0 (0.7 – 1.6)
  Missing 20 (1.4%)  
Smoking status Never 661 (44.8%) Referent
  Former 667 (45.2%) 0.6 (0.4 – 1.0)
  Current 123 (8.3%) 0.5 (0.2 – 1.2)
  Missing 16 (1.1%)  
  1. a: analysis based on data from 909 participants with complete information on both nursing home use (n = 1078) and risk factors (n = 1243)
  2. b: self-reported ever suffering from arthritis, cancer, chronic bronchitis or emphysema, diabetes, fractured hip, heart attack, heart condition, hypertension, osteoporosis, stroke