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Table 4 Mortality Hazard Rate Ratios for social relationships, adjusted for health and disability in men

From: The effect of social relationships on survival in elderly residents of a Southern European community: a cohort study

MEN (n = 601; deceased = 214)a Network model Psychosocial mechanisms model Complete model
Age 1.08 (1.06–1.10) 1.08 (1.06–1.10) 1.07 (1.04–1.09)
Education:    
   Primary completed 1 1 1
   Primary not completed 1.15 (0.84–1.57) 1.16 (0.85–1.58) 0.97 (0.70–1.34)
Family ties index:    
   < 3 1 1 1
   3 0.68 (0.51–0.91) 0.77 (0.57–1.03) 0.75 (0.56–1.01)
Friends contacted:    
   No 1 1 1
   Yes 0.99 (0.75–1.30) 1.10 (0.83–1.47) 1.16 (0.87–1.55)
Social participation index 0.83 (0.71–0.97) 0.84 (0.72–0.98) 0.89 (0.76–1.04)
Confidant:    
   No/does not know   1 1
   Yes   0.70 (0.52–0.93) 0.77 (0.57–1.04)
Received emotional support   0.82 (0.59–1.13) 0.79 (0.57–1.10)
Role in significant others' lives   0.81 (0.65–1.03) 0.87 (0.69–1.10)
Physical activity:    
   Moderate/vigorous    1
   Light    1.50 (1.06–2.13)
Co-morbidity    1.05 (0.97–1.14)
Square root of depressive symptoms    1.03 (0.92–1.15)
Cognitive score    1.25 (1.08–1.45)
Self-perceived health:    
   Very good/good    1
   Average/poor/very poor    1.37 (0.98–1.92)
Disability:    
   Independent    1
   Not independent for IADLs    1.22 (0.85–1.76)
   Not independent for ADLs    0.93 (0.59–1.47)
  1. aNon-weighted results. Bold: indicates results significant at a 95% level. ADLs: Activities of daily living. IADLs: Instrumental activities of daily living.