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Table 3 Mortality Hazard Rate Ratios for social relationships, adjusted for health and disability in women

From: The effect of social relationships on survival in elderly residents of a Southern European community: a cohort study

WOMEN (n = 573; deceased = 138)a Network model Psychosocial mechanisms model Complete model
Age 1.12 (1.09–1.15) 1.11 (1.08–1.15) 1.10 (1.07–1.14)
Education:    
   Primary completed 1 1 1
   Primary not completed 1.23 (0.72–2.11) 1.22 (0.71–2.10) 1.12 (0.64–1.95)
Family ties index:    
   < 3 1 1 1
   3 0.90 (0.58–1.42) 0.91 (0.58–1.42) 0.87 (0.55–1.37)
Friends contacted:    
   No 1 1 1
   Yes 0.95 (0.65–1.39) 0.97 (0.66–1.43) 1.06 (0.71–1.57)
Social participation index 0.78 (0.64–0.96) 0.82 (0.67–1.00) 0.90 (0.73–1.12)
Confidant:    
   No/does not know   1 1
   Yes   0.80 (0.56–1.14) 0.79 (0.55–1.13)
Received emotional support   1.12 (0.79–1.59) 1.20 (0.84–1.71)
Role in significant others' lives   0.78 (0.60–1.01) 0.87 (0.66–1.14)
Physical activity:    
   Moderate/vigorous    1
   Light    1.21 (0.79–1.86)
Co-morbidity    1.00 (0.90–1.12)
Square root of depressive symptoms    1.09 (0.95–1.24)
Cognitive score    1.10 (0.90–1.35)
Self-perceived health:    
   Very good/good    1
   Average/poor/very poor    1.20 (0.74–1.95)
Disability:    
   Independent    1
   Not independent for IADLs    1.18 (0.65–2.13)
   Not independent for ADLs    1.55 (0.82–2.93)
  1. aNon-weighted results. Bold: indicates results significant at a 95% level. ADLs: Activities of daily living. IADLs: Instrumental activities of daily living.