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Table 3 Frequency of fall, near-falls, mechanism, location and injuries sustained from falls

From: The history of falls and the association of the timed up and go test to falls and near-falls in older adults with hip osteoarthritis

Variable Frequency Percent
Participants reporting at least 1 fall in past year   
  48 45.3
Frequency of falls   
   • 1 fall 37 77.1
   • 2 or more falls 11 22.9
Location of fall*   
   • In home or residence 29 49.2
   • Outside the home or residence 10 17.0
   • Indoors in the community 5 8.5
   • Outdoors in the community 15 25.4
Mechanisms or causes of the fall*   
   • Tripped (impact of swing leg on external object) 21 35.6
   • Slipped (sliding of support leg) 16 27.1
   • Lost balance 15 25.4
   • Missed curb or step 4 6.8
   • Muscle weakness/leg gave away 3 5.0
Activity at time of the fall   
   • Ambulating 33 55.9
   • Ascending or descending stairs or step 13 22.0
   • Reaching 7 11.9
   • Getting up or down from chair or bed 6 10.2
Injuries sustained from falls reported*   
   • Fracture 6 10.2
   • No fracture, but other injuries beyond minor scratch or bruise 18 30.5
   • No injury 35 59.3
Frequency of Near falls**   
   • Frequent (1/week or more) 31 29.8
   • Occasional (< 1/week but more than once or twice in past year) 49 47.1
   • Never 24 23.1
  1. * Total of 59 falls recalled by 48 fallers; ** n = 104