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Table 3 Summary Hazard Ratios for Predictors of Time to Nursing Home Admission in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

From: Predicting nursing home admission in the U.S: a meta-analysis

Predictor Data Sources Included (% of Participants Who Entered Nursing Home) Pooled Hazards Ratio (95% Confidence Interval) PValue for Heterogeneity*
Age LSOA(14.6a) [12], MHOS(9.2) [31], MoVIES(13.6) [38], NLTCS(7.6b) [22] 1.07 (1.03–1.11) .00
Arthritis AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] .86 (.58–1.29) .00
Blood pressure AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] 1.04 (1.01–1.07) .60
Cancer AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] 1.15 (1.11–1.19) .68
Cardiovascular disease AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] 1.02 (.88–1.17) .32
Diabetes AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] 1.35 (1.15–1.57) .11
Falls AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(9.2) [31] 1.16 (1.02–1.30) .28
Female AHEAD(17.0) [29], EPESE-NH(33.3) [39], LSOA(14.6) [12], MHOS(8.2) [31], MoVIES(13.6) [38], NLTCS(7.6) [22] .87 (.81–.93) .18
Homeowner LSOA(14.6) [12], MHOS(8.2) [31] .88 (.85–.92) .61
Incontinence AHEAD(17.0) [29], EPESE-NH(33.3) [39] 1.05 (.95–1.17) .34
Living with others LSOA(14.6) [12], MoVIES(13.6) [38] 1.23 (.93–1.62) .89
Lung disease AHEAD(17.0) [29], MHOS(8.2) [31], NLTCS(7.6) [22] 1.01 (.70–1.46) .00
Married MHOS(8.2) [31], MoVIES(13.6) [38] .90 (.87–.92) .46
Number prescription drugs EPESE-NH(33.3) [39], MoVIES(13.6) [38] 1.12 (.96–1.29) .002
Spouse present AHEAD(17.0) [29], EPESE-NH(33.3) [39] .66 (.56–.77) .24
Stroke AHEAD(17.0) [29], EPESE-NH(33.3) [39] 1.24 (1.04–1.49) .05
White (vs. all other races/ethnicities) EPESE-NH(33.3) [39], MHOS(8.2) [31], NLTCS(14.0) [25] 1.76 (1.35–2.30) .00
  1. NOTE: aAdmission rate taken from LSOA data reported in Coward et al.10
  2. b"Long-stay" admission rate from 1982–1984 in NLTC.