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Table 1 Characteristics of 12 Data Sources Included in Meta-Analysis of Predictors of Nursing Home Admission.

From: Predicting nursing home admission in the U.S: a meta-analysis

Data Source Sampling Frame Sample Size Data Collection Duration of Follow-Up Number of Nursing Home Admissions/Rate Predictor Variables Available
Study of Assets and Health Dynamics of the Oldest Old (AHEAD) National panel study, 70 years of age and over in U.S. Up to 8,222 Baseline face-to-face interviews, telephone follow-ups every other year with respondent or proxy Up to 7 years (1993–2000) Up to 1135/ Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources
Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-East Boston (EPESE-EB) All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in East Boston, Massachusetts enumerated via community census 3,545 In-person and telephone interview with respondent and/or proxy 1982–1985 142 Demographic characteristics, social and physical functioning, chronic Conditions, related health problems, self-reported Service use, depression
Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-Iowa (EPESE-IOWA) All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in Washington and Iowa counties, enumerated via all Area Agencies on Aging and local informants Up to 3,097 " Up to 4 years (1982–1986) Up to 369 "
Established Populations for Epidemiological Studies of the Elderly-New Haven (EPESE-NH) All non-institutionalized persons 65 years age and over in New Haven, Connecticut enumerated via stratified random sample of household clusters Up to 2,812 " Up to 9 years (1982–1991) Up to 935 "
Government Accounting Organization-Cleveland Study (GAO) Older adults, 65 years and age and over and living independently, were randomly selected in Cleveland, OH 1,598 In-person interviews with respondent or proxy 1975–1984 406 Sociodemographics, mental health, physical health, disability, available informal support
Longitudinal Study on Aging (LSOA) All civilian non-institutionalized persons in the U.S. 70 years of age and over in 1984 Up to 7,541 In-person interviews at baseline, telephone interviews at each 2-year follow-up with respondent or proxy Up to 6 years (1984–1990) Up to 1100 Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources
National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS) Random sample from Medicare enrollment files, 65 years of age and over in U.S. with any ADL or IADL dependency Up to 5,851 In-person interviews with older respondent and/or proxy 1982–1984 Up to 911 Cognitive performance, physical and functional health, economic status, family structure, demographics, service use, caregiving, financial resources
Medicare Survey People living in the community during the 1977 Current Medicare Survey 4400 Interviews with respondents initially and one year later 1977–1978 127 Sociodemographics, payment source, functional status, perceived health status, service use and physician contact
Massachusetts Elder Health Project A geographically stratified random sample of disabled elders living in Eastern Massachusetts Up to 586 In-person and telephone interviews with respondent or proxy Up to 6 years (1984/85–1991) Up to 143 Informal and formal community care, caregiving burden, sociodemographics, physical disability
Massachusetts Health Care Panel Study (MHCPS) Statewide (Massachusetts) probability sample of non-institutionalized adults 65 years of age and over 1625 In-person interviews at baseline and first follow-up a year later; mailed surveys every 4 years thereafter Up to 10 years (1974/75–1984/85) Up to 148 Demographics, social characteristics, functional disabilities, attitudinal variables
Medicare Health Outcomes Study (MHOS) Random sample of Medicare+Choice (Medicare managed care) enrollees over the age of 64 who were not institutionalized 137,632 Mail survey and telephone follow-up of non-respondents on an annual basis 1998–2000 11,220 Quality of life/psychosocial status, self-reported symptoms and diagnoses, functional disability, sociodemographics
Monogohela Valley Independent Elders Survey (MoVIES) Participants 65 years of age and over, with 6th grade or greater education, and living in the community were selected from voter registration lists in 23 communities in southwestern Pennsylvania 1147 Clinical assessments and in-person interviews in respondents' homes annually 1987–2001 156 Sociodemographics, functional and cognitive impairment, medication usage, depression
  1. NOTE: ADL = activities of daily living; IADL = instrumental activities of daily living