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Table 2 Hazards ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) of incident mobility impairment among those without impairment at baseline, by socioeconomic indicators

From: Socioeconomic position and incident mobility impairment in the Cardiovascular Health Study

  Whites Blacks
  Women (n = 1,702) Men (n = 1,452) Women (n = 296) Men (n = 234)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Neighborhood Score*         
1st quartile 1.23
(1.03,1.44)
1.12
(0.93, 1.35)
1.30
(1.05, 1.62)
1.15
(0.89, 1.48)
1.30
(0.84, 2.02)
1.16
(0.75, 1.80)
1.14
(0.65, 1.97)
1.01
(0.55, 1.86)
2nd quartile 1.19
(1.00, 1.42)
1.12
(0.94, 1.34)
1.28
(1.04, 1.57)
1.19
(0.95, 1.50)
1.09
(0.68, 1.76)
0.97
(0.60, 1.57)
1.05
(0.59, 1.90)
1.01
(0.55, 1.83)
3rd quartile 1.04
(0.88, 1.23)
1.01
(0.85, 1.21)
1.21
(0.98, 1.49)
1.18
(0.95, 1.47)
1.38
(0.88, 2.14)
1.34
(0.87, 2.07)
0.94
(0.54, 1.66)
0.96
(0.54, 1.71)
4th quartile REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF
P Trend 0.009 0.21 0.01 0.38 0.41 0.38 0.63 0.80
Income         
< $12,000 1.29
(1.01, 1.64)
1.12
(0.87, 1.45)
2.06
(1.39, 3.05)
1.92
(1.27, 2.91)
3.55
(1.68, 7.47)
3.01
(1.28, 7.10)
1.15
(0.53, 2.49)
1.10
(0.42, 2.85)
$12,000–$24,999 1.20
(1.01, 1.43)
1.07
(0.88, 1.29)
1.32
(1.06, 1.64)
1.23
(0.95, 1.60)
2.85
(1.34, 6.10)
2.61
(1.14, 5.89)
1.28
(0.70, 2.35)
1.22
(0.56, 2.64)
$25,000–$34,999 1.08
(0.90, 1.29)
1.01
(0.84, 1.21)
1.11
(0.93, 1.33)
1.06
(0.87, 1.30)
2.31
(1.02, 5.25)
2.25
(0.96, 5.28)
0.85
(0.45, 1.61)
0.85
(0.42, 1.74)
≥ $35,000 REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF
P Trend 0.01 0.38 0.0004 0.01 0.0002 0.004 0.29 0.40
Education         
Incomplete High School 1.43
(1.17, 1.74)
1.29
(1.04, 1.60)
1.25
(1.02, 1.55)
1.07
(0.85, 1.35)
1.91
(1.18, 3.08)
1.28
(0.74, 2.21)
1.29
(0.75, 2.21)
1.12
(0.57, 2.19)
Complete High School or GED 1.28
(1.08, 1.52)
1.22
(1.02, 1.46)
1.06
(0.87, 1.27)
0.94
(0.76, 1.15)
1.35
(0.84, 2.16)
1.01
(0.61, 1.65)
0.98
(0.51, 1.89)
0.94
(0.42, 2.09)
1–3 yrs College or Vocational 1.31
(1.08, 1.60)
1.29
(1.05, 1.57)
1.07
(0.84, 1.36)
1.00
(0.78, 1.29)
1.10
(0.59, 2.04)
0.87
(0.48, 1.59)
1.15
(0.57, 2.33)
1.06
(0.46, 2.42)
4 Years College or More REF REF REF REF REF REF REF REF
P Trend 0.001 0.03 0.06 0.64 0.006 0.85 0.43 0.98
Summary SEP score (per unit change) 0.95
(0.93, 0.98)
n/a 0.95
(0.92, 0.98)
n/a 0.89
(0.82, 0.96)
n/a 0.96
(0.88, 1.05)
n/a
P Trend 0.0004 n/a 0.0009 n/a 0.002 n/a 0.37 n/a
  1. *race-specific quartiles
  2. **Model 1 adjusted for age; Model 2 adjusted for age plus all other SEP indicators