Skip to main content

Table 4 The number of subjects (%) with constipation or taking laxatives among the four research groups at baseline and six months follow-up (N = 172).

From: Effects of resistance and functional-skills training on habitual activity and constipation among older adults living in long-term care facilities: a randomized controlled trial

  Strength training
(n = 41)
Functional training
(n = 48)
Combined training
(n = 48)
Control
(n = 35)
  baseline 6 mo baseline 6 mo baseline 6 mo baseline 6 mo
No. (%) of subjects with constipation* 9/41 (22) 9/41 (22) 9/48 (19) 11/48 (23) 12/48 (25) 14/48 (29) 8/35 (23) 3/35 (9)
No (%) of subjects using laxatives         
- daily 4/41 (10) 5/41 (12) 8/48 (17) 5/48 (10) 8/48 (17) 9/48 (19) 9/34 (26) 5/35 (14)
- 2–3 d/wk 2/41 (5) 1/41 (2) 1/48 (2) 0/48 (0) 1/48 (2) 0/48 (0) 1/34 (3) 0/35 (0)
- weekly 1/41 (2) 2/41 (5) 0/48 (0) 2/48 (4) 2/48 (4) 1/48 (2) 0/34 (0) 1/35 (3)
- never 34/41 (83) 33/41 (80) 39/48 (81) 41/48 (85) 37/48 (77) 38/48 (79) 24/34 (71) 29/35 (83)
  1. * Subjects were considered to be constipated if they were not taking laxatives and had two or more of the following complaints: straining, lumpy or hard stools, feeling of incomplete evacuation, fewer than three bowel movements in a week.