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Table 1 Baseline summary data: demographic and outcome measures

From: Exploring the feasibility of a community-based strength training program for older people with depressive symptoms and its impact on depressive symptoms

Measure Intervention Mean (SD) Control Mean (SD) All Mean (SD) Significance (p)
Age (years) 75.25 (5.78) 74.30(5.72) 74.28 (5.87) 0.63
Gender Frequency Frequency Frequency  
Male 2 9 11 0.06
Female 12 9 21  
GDS 12.64 (3.61) 12.22 (3.51) 12.41 (3.50) 0.88
CES-D 19.71 (6.40) 16.61 (6.22) 17.96 (6.39) 0.31
PGMS†* 8.77 (3.32) 9.23 (3.01) 9.03 (3.10) 0.69
HAP MAS 69.79 (7.64) 67.17 (9.99) 68.31(8.99) 0.12
HAP AAS 55.86(11.71) n = 14 51.61 (16.12) n = 18 53.47 (14.30) n = 32 0.07
WHO QOL DOM 1** 12.86 (3.27) 13.34 (2.48) 13.13 (2.81) 0.89
WHO QOL DOM 2** 13.19 (1.55) 12.86 (2.14) 13.00(1.88 0.19
WHO QOL DOM 3** 13.14 (3.08) 13.94 (3.94) 13.59 (3.55) 0.66
WHO QOL DOM 4** 14.89 (1.91) 15.62 (2.34) 15.30 (2.16) 0.46
Self Efficacy 16.21 (4.90) 15.88 (4.01) 16.03 (4.35) 0.35
PASE 145.03 (68.11) 111.25 (67.21) 126.03 (68.65) 0.06
  1. * N = 30 (13 intervention, 17 controls)
  2. ** The four WHO-QOL domains are: physical (DOM 1), psychological (DOM 2), social (DOM 3) and environmental health (DOM 4)
  3. † denotes a lower score is better