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Table 2 The Hordaland Health Study (HUSK). Own and familiar cardiovascular morbidity, lifestyle factors, and health status in 3 341 elderly persons (70 – 74 years old), using and not using antihypertensive drugs.

From: Antihypertensive and lipid lowering treatment in 70–74 year old individuals – predictors for treatment and blood-pressure control: a population based survey. The Hordaland Health Study (HUSK)

  Males (n = 1473) Females (n = 1868)
  No drugs (n = 955 64.8%) Drugs (n = 518 35.2%) No drugs (n = 1260 66.8%) Drugs (n = 626 33.2%)
Myocardial infarction 63 (6.6) 149 (28.8)** 20 (1.6) 93 (14.9)**
Angina pectoris 68 (7.1) 138 (26.6)** 45 (3.6) 128 (20.4)**
Apoplexia 32 (3.4) 55 (10.6)** 32 (2.5) 28 (4.5)*
Diabetes mellitus 40 (4.2) 56 (10.8)** 52 (4.1) 65 (10.4)**
Family history of coronary disease 364 (38.1) 224 (43.2)** 566 (44.9) 346 (55.3)**
Family history of myocardial infarction < 60 y 129 (13.5) 96 (18.5)* 206 (16.3) 130 (20.8)*
Family history of apoplexia < 70 y 100 (10.5) 76 (14.7)* 173 (13.7) 118 (18.8)*
Daily smoking 158 (16.5) 57 (11.0)** 210 (16.7) 57 (9.1)**
Quit smoking 543 (56.9) 351 (67.8)** 283 (22.5) 170 (27.2)*
Alcohol > 14 times/month 79 (9.7) 48 (10.7) 45 (4.5) 13 (2.7)
No physical exercise 108 (12.0) 72 (14.5) 170 (15.3) 125 (22.1)**
Hard physical exercise 337 (38.8) 134 (28.5)** 213 (20.5) 88 (16.6)
BMI => 27 kg/m2 289 (30.3) 210 (40.5)** 431 (34.7) 314 (50.2)**
Education < 12 y 297 (57.4) 181 (65.1)* 573 (79.9) 304 (86.4)*
Depressed mood 29 (3.5) 11 (2.5) 37 (3.7) 32 (6.8)**
Less than good general health 212 (22.6) 180 (35.7)** 389 (31.9) 285 (46.5)**
  1. Proportions, given in numbers and percentages, are compared using chi square tests.
  2. *Significant difference between samples with versus without drugs (chi square test), p < 0.05.
  3. **Significant difference between samples with versus without drugs (chi square t-test), p < 0.01