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Table 1 Demographics characteristics of the study population

From: Determinants of short and long term functional recovery after hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia in the elderly: role of inflammatory markers

  Favorable outcome (n = 239) Unfavorable outcome (n = 62) P value
Age, mean, years 72.6 ± 8.3 74.4 ± 6.7 0.08
Gender (Male/Female), n 144/95 36/26 0.8
Abbreviated MMSE 15.9 ± 3.3 14.2 ± 4.4 0.006
Preadmission ADL 7.7 ± 2.7 8.9 ± 3.4 0.01
Comorbidities, n (%)    
Congestive heart failure 23 (10) 7 (11) 0.9
Chronic pulmonary diseases 76 (32) 23 (37) 0.5
Cerebrovascular accident 15 (6) 6 (10) 0.5
Diabetes mellitus 43 (18) 16 (26) 0.2
Charlson Index, n (%)    0.002
   0 36 (15) 3 (5)  
   1–2 147 (62) 33 (53)  
   3–4 51 (21) 20 (32)  
   ≥5 5 (2) 6 (10)  
Smoking status, n (%)    
   Currently smoking 21 (9) 9 (15) 0.3
   Past smokers 82 (34) 25 (40) 0.4