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Table 2 Risk factors for hospitalization among a cohort of seniors admitted to homecare services

From: Hospitalization and emergency department visits among seniors receiving homecare: a pilot study

Potential risk factor Seniors hospitalized (n = 11) Seniors not hospitalized (n = 36) Odds Ratio (95% CI) P-value
Mean age in years (SD*) 78.2 (8.1) 77.6 (6.2) 1.01 (0.92, 1.12) 0.822
Male sex 8/11 14/36 4.19 (0.95, 18.53) 0.083
Diagnosed w/ pneumonia (in past 6 months) 1/11 6/36 0.50 (0.05, 4.67) 1.000
Influenza vaccine in last year 10/11 30/36 2.00 (0.21, 18.69) 1.000
Pneumococcal vaccine 7/10 21/35 1.56 (0.34, 7.06) 0.719
Swallowing difficulties 1/11 6/36 0.50 (0.05, 4.67) 1.000
Smoke 0/11 3/36 0 1.000
Consume alcohol 5/11 20/36 0.67 (0.17, 2.59) 0.732
Congestive Heart Failure 3/11 2/36 6.38 (0.91, 44.71) 0.076
Cerebrovascular disease 1/11 7/36 0.41 (0.05, 3.80) 0.659
Neoplastic disease 5/11 6/36 4.17 (0.95, 18.22) 0.097
Renal disease 3/11 0/36 8 0.010
Liver disease 2/11 2/36 3.78 (0.47, 30.64) 0.229
Charlson score1, mean (SD*) 3.27 (2.69) 1.22 (1.33) 1.77 (1.15, 2.71) 0.032
Nutrition Score2, mean (SD*) 5.82 (2.23) 3.42 (2.27) 1.51 (1.11, 2.06) 0.006
Barthel score3, mean (SD*) 18.36 (2.11) 18.81 (1.97) 0.90 (0.66, 1.24) 0.546
  1. * SD: standard deviation
  2. 1Charlson Index: range 0 to 37
  3. 2Mini Nutritional Status Score: range 0 to 21
  4. 3Modified Barthel Index: range 0 to 20