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Table 4 Results of Multilevel analyses regarding the effect of strength training, functional training and the combined training on perceived health, quality of life, vitality and depression of the subgroup who attended at least 75% of all exercise classes (N = 74)

From: Effects of resistance and all-round, functional training on quality of life, vitality and depression of older adults living in long-term care facilities: a 'randomized' controlled trial [ISRCTN87177281]

  Strength training versus control difference [95% CI] Functional training versus control difference [95% CI] Combined training versus control difference [95% CI]
perceived health -0.003 [-0.6;0.6] 0.3 [-0.3;0.9] -0.1 [-0.7;0.5]
DQoL sumscore -0.2 [-0.4;0.01] -0.1 [-0.3;0.1] -0.2 [-0.4;0.03]
- aesthetics -0.4 [-0.8;0.01] -0.2 [-0.7;0.2] -0.2 [-0.7;0.2]
- belonging -0.4 [-0.7;0.01] -0.2 [-0.6;0.1] -0.3 [-0.7;0.02]
- negative affect 0.1 [-0.2;0.5] 0.1 [-0.2;0.5] 0.04 [-0.3;0.4]
- positive affect -0.2 [-0.5;0.2] -0.04 [-0.4;0.3] -0.1 [-0.4;0.2]
- esteem -0.2 [-0.6;0.2] -0.1 [-0.4;0.3] -0.3 [-0.7;0.1]
Vitality Plus Scale 0.4 [-3.0;3.9] 0.4 [-3.0;3.8] -1.4 [-4.8;2.1]
GDS -1.1 [-3.3;1.0] -1.5 [-3.6;0.7] -1.3 [-3.4,0.9]
  1. Note: All values are adjusted for score at baseline, age and sex.