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Table 3 Results of Multilevel analyses regarding the effect of strength training, functional training and the combined training on perceived health, quality of life, vitality and depression of elderly living in long-term care facilities (N = 173)

From: Effects of resistance and all-round, functional training on quality of life, vitality and depression of older adults living in long-term care facilities: a 'randomized' controlled trial [ISRCTN87177281]

  Strength training versus control difference [95% CI] Functional training versus control difference [95% CI] Combined training versus control difference [95% CI]
perceived health    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.32 [-0.69;0.04] -0.21 [-0.57;0.14;] -0.50 [-0.85;-0.14]*
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.35 [-0.72;0.02] -0.24 [-0.60;0.12] -0.52 [-0.88;-0.16]*
DQoL    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.13 [-0.26;-0.004]* -0.12 [-0.24;0.01] -0.18 [-0.30;-0.05]*
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.14 [-0.27;0.01] -0.12 [-0.25;0.003] -0.20 [-0.33;-0.08]*
- aesthetics    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.30 [-0.59;-0.01]* -0.25 [-0.53;0.03] -0.29 [-0.57;-0.01]*
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.31 [-0.59;-0.02]* -0.24 [-0.52;0.04] -0.30 [-0.58;-0.02]*
- belonging    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.22 [-0.46;0.01] -0.16 [-0.38;0.07] -0.18 [-0.40;0.05]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.23 [-0.46;0.004] -0.17 [-0.40;0.05] -0.21 [-0.43;0.02]
- negative affect    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.02 [-0.19;0.16] -0.10 [-0.27;0.06] -0.13 [-0.29;0.04]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.02 [-0.19;0.15] -0.10 [-0.26;0.06] -0.14 [-0.30;0.03]
- positive affect    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.01 [-0.21;0.18] -0.05 [-0.23;0.14] -0.12 [-0.31;0.07]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.05 [-0.24;0.14] -0.07 [-0.25;0.12] -0.17 [-0.35;0.02]
- esteem    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.11 [-0.32;0.10] -0.02 [-0.22;0.18] -0.19 [-0.39;0.02]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance -0.13 [-0.33;0.08] -0.05 [-0.24;0.15] -0.24 [-0.44;-0.04]*
- Vitality Plus Scale    
   adjusted for score at baseline 0.83 [-1.23;2.89] 0.53 [-1.47;2.52] -1.66 [-3.65;0.33]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance 0.51 [-1.55;2.57] 0.38 [-1.60;2.35] -2.06 [-4.05;-0.07]*
- GDS    
   adjusted for score at baseline -0.004 [-1.33;1.32] -0.40 [-1.67;0.88] 0.24 [-1.03;1.52]
   adjusted for score at baseline, age, sex and compliance 0.09 [-1.25;1.42] -0.37 [-1.65;0.90] 0.34 [-0.95;1.63]
  1. * p < 0.05, for exercise versus control group