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Table 4 Associations Between Sensory Disabilities and Assistance Needed with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Among Disabled Females 65 Years and Older, 1991 Health and Activity Limitation Survey (n = 687,508)*

From: The relationship between sensory impairment and functional independence among elderly

IADL Restriction SD and/or HD (Total) SD-HD SD-HA HD-SA
  % Adj OR** (95% CI) % Adj OR** (95% CI) % Adj OR** (95% CI) % Adj OR** (95% CI)
Any Activity 68.7 0.73 (0.57–0.93) 80.0 1.26 (0.84–1.88) 73.0 1.20 (0.88–1.64) 61.3 0.64 (0.50–0.82)
Heavy Chores 53.4 0.82 (0.66–1.02) 58.5 1.19 (0.86–1.64) 50.8 0.85 (0.65–1.11) 53.0 0.86 (0.69–1.08)
Grocery Shopping 38.5 0.95 (0.75–1.20) 50.9 1.15 (0.83–1.59) 39.6 1.00 (0.74–1.34) 32.6 1.02 (0.79–1.30)
Housework 36.6 0.89 (0.70–1.13) 51.5 1.32 (0.95–1.82) 33.2 0.70 (0.51–0.94) 32.5 1.02 (0.79–1.31)
Meal Preparation 17.2 0.72 (0.55–0.96) 29.8 1.47 (1.02–2.10) 14.2 0.68 (0.46–0.99) 13.7 0.74 (0.54–1.02)
Personal Finances 22.2 0.93 (0.72–1.22) 30.1 1.19 (0.85–1.68) 18.1 0.69 (0.49–0.98) 21.5 1.12 (0.86–1.48)
Personal Care 14.3 1.26 (0.89–1.79) 26.6 1.84 (1.26–2.69) 16.2 1.21 (0.82–1.79) 8.1 0.66 (0.45–0.98)
Moving Around Residence 8.0 0.94 (0.62–1.43) 10.3 1.03 (0.62–1.70) 6.2 0.78 (0.45–1.33) 7.8 1.30 (0.85–1.99)
  1. Note: SD-HA = Seeing Disabled, Hearing Able; HD-SA = Hearing Disabled, Seeing Able; SD-HD = Seeing Disabled, Hearing Disabled; SD and/or HD (Total) = Seeing Disabled and/or Hearing Disabled * n = Weighted sample size ** Adjusted for all demographic variables, including Regions of Canada. Referent for the odds ratios compares respondents in each of the sensory disability categories (e.g. SD-HA) with all other persons in the HALS who were classified as disabled.