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Table 2 Demographic, historical, clinical and laboratory correlates of fasting plasma glucose ≥ 140 mg/dl at discharge in the training population

From: Identifying older diabetic patients at risk of poor glycemic control

  Fasting plasma glucose at discharge   
  < 140 ≥ 140 OR* 95% CI
Age (yrs) 76.8 ± 6.8 77.2 ± 6.7 1.01 0.99–1.02
Gender (males) 332 (44.9) 245 (39.8) 0.82 0.66–1.02
BMI (kg/m2) 26.1 ± 4.8 26.7 ± 4.8 1.02 1.0–1.05
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
   <140 130 (17.6) 116 (18.9) 1.0  
   140–160 370 (50.1) 299 (48.6) 0.89 0.66–1.19
   >160 239 (32.3) 200 (32.5) 0.92 0.67–1.26
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
   <80 101 (13.7) 126 (20.5) 1.0  
   80–90 452 (61.2) 320 (52.0) 0.56 0.41–0.75
   >90 186 (25.2) 169 (27.5) 0.71 0.51–0.99
Education (yrs)     
   < 5 240 (32.5) 227 (36.9) 1.0  
   5–8 349 (47.2) 261 (42.4) 0.82 0.64–1.05
   > 8 91 (12.3) 57 (9.3) 0.70 0.47–1.04
Type of ward     
   Geriatrics 532 (72.0) 429 (69.8) 1.0  
   Medicine 195 (26.4) 171 (27.8) 1.09 0.86–1.39
   Others 12 (1.6) 15 (2.4) 1.63 0.75–3.53
Charlson     
   0–1 265 (35.9) 206 (33.5) 1.0  
   2 193 (26.1) 136 (22.1) 0.92 0.69–1.23
   3+ 281 (38.0) 273 (44.4) 1.28 1.01–1.64
AMT     
   ≥ 7 483 (65.4) 386 (62.8) 1.0  
   < 7 244 (33.0) 216 (35.1) 1.06 0.83–1.34
ADL     
   Independent 365 (49.4) 296 (48.1) 1.0  
   Assistance 175 (23.7) 117 (19.0) 0.80 0.60–1.06
   Dependent 192 (26.0) 198 (32.2) 1.23 0.95–1.60
Hypoglycemic therapy prior to admission     
   Diet alone 386 (52.2) 273 (44.4) 1.0  
   Oral agents alone 253 (34.2) 191 (31.1) 1.05 0.83–1.35
   Insulin alone 86 (11.6) 127 (20.7) 2.07 1.51–2.84
   Oral agents and insulin 14 (1.9) 24 (3.9) 2.40 1.22–4.74
Plasma glucose (mg/dl)     
   < 143 344 (46.5) 110 (17.9) 1.0  
   143–218 233 (31.5) 218 (35.4) 2.90 2.18–3.85
   > 218 162 (21.9) 287 (46.7) 5.50 4.12–7.34
Cholesterol (mg/dl)     
   < 164 237 (32.1) 183 (29.8) 1.0  
   164–208 245 (33.2) 185 (30.1) 0.96 0.73–1.26
   > 208 212 (28.7) 209 (34.0) 1.24 0.93–1.63
Triglycerides (mg/dl)     
   < 110 232 (31.4) 143 (23.3) 1.0  
   110–168 217 (29.4) 175 (28.5) 1.31 0.98–1.75
   > 168 185 (25.0) 193 (31.4) 1.67 1.24–2.23
White blood cells (cells/mm3)     
   < 6800 248 (33.6) 196 (31.9) 1.0  
   6800–8970 262 (35.5) 186 (30.2) 0.90 0.69–1.17
   > 8970 224 (30.3) 225 (36.6) 1.28 0.98–1.67
Serum sodium (mEq/l)     
   < 138 185 (25.0) 210 (34.1) 1.0  
   138–141 300 (40.6) 230 (37.4) 0.68 0.52–0.88
   >141 242 (32.7) 169 (27.5) 0.61 0.46–0.80
Serum potassium (mEq/l)     
   < 4.1 237 (32.1) 185 (30.1) 1.0  
   4.1–4.6 294 (39.8) 260 (42.3) 1.13 0.88–1.46
   >4.6 200 (27.1) 165 (26.8) 1.05 0.79–1.39
  1. Data are means ± SD or number of cases with percent in parentheses. Data may not yeld 100% because of missing data. * Odds ratios adjusted for age and gender.